(Assignment – Media Research Methods)
Roll No. – 287
Child abuse is the term used when an adult harms a child or a young person under the age of 18, either physically, sexually or emotionally. Child sexual abuse is any interaction between a child and an adult when the child is being used for the sexual stimulation of the perpetrator or another person who is either significantly older than the victim or is in a position of power or control over the child. Child sexual abuse can take any form
* Sexual touching and fondling
* Exposing children to adult sexual activity or pornographic movies and photographs * Having children pose in a sexual fashion or undress
* Rape, attempt to rape or molestation, etc.
Over 53% children face child sexual abuse in India. However, in most of the cases, the children do not share such issues with their parents but it leads to a change in the child’s behaviour and the situation cannot be improved. The aim of the research is
* to know more about the effects of child sexual abuse
* to increase awareness about important facts of child sexual abuse * to educate the parents about the behavioural changes in a child who has been a victim of child sexual abuse * to increase awareness so that a comprehensive law for the issue can be adopted and enacted by the judicial system of our country.
Review of Literature
Dr.Krishna Pal Malik & Dr. Kaushik C. Raval; Law and Social Transformation in India; Allahabad Law Agency, 2nd Edition, 2009. “There are a number of laws related to children but there is no single comprehensive law that discusses the issue of sexual child abuse. In such cases, the perpetrator is more often than not, a member of the family, somebody who enjoys a position of trust and honour in the family. The law is unable to take any concrete steps to hold these people in check. Mistreated and abused children do not know where to go for support.” Dr. Malik and Dr. Raval point at the judicial system of the country which lacks the power to tackle the problem of child sexual abuse. If there is no comprehensive law, the child won’t get any justice. Also, Dr. Malik and Dr. Kaushik state an important fact of child sexual abuse that more than often; a member of the family is the perpetrator. However, there is a strong belief in the minds of our society that a child faces sexual abuse by a “stranger”
Kokkinos, Sophie; Literature Review Child Sexual Assault/Abuse Causes Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Victims The Free Library; (2008, April 18); Retrieved September 09, 2010; http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Literature Review Child Sexual Assault/Abuse Causes Post Traumatic...-a01073868114 “The impact of Child Sexual Assault (CSA) on victims has been extensively documented in the research literature over the past couple of decades (if not longer) and has examined the various types of impacts that CSA can have on such victims. One such impact that has been researched to some extent is the relationship between CSA and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Child sexual assault/abuse (CSA) can have an enormous impact on victims in many ways. One of the potential impacts of CSA on victims is that of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Researchers have examined whether there is a causal relationship between CSA and PTSD and as such this literature review examines extant research on this question. Thus the hypothesis of this review is Child Sexual Assault (CSA) causes Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in victims.” Posttraumatic stress disorder is classified as an anxiety disorder, characterized by aversive anxiety-related experiences, behaviour, and physiological responses that develop after exposure to a psychologically...