1. Premorbid speech and language impairments in childhood-onset schizophrenia: Association with risk factors
In this article they speak about how they examined 49 patients with childhood-onset schizophrenia. They were examine for neurodevelopmental impairments and familial risk factors with are noticeable for kids with onset psychosis by the age of 12. They examined both with and without developmental impairments. As a result, more than one half of the patients in the group had developmental dysfunction in each area that was studied. Children and adolescents that will develop schizophrenia as an adult will have trouble with school performance, social development and speech and motor development.
2. Adult outcomes of child and adolescents-onset schizophrenia: Diagnostic stability and predictive validity
In this article they wanted to establish the predictive validity of a diagnosis of schizophrenia in childhood and early adolescents. They wanted to continue these test all the way until adult life. Also , to compare social and symptomatic outcomes with children that have schizophrenia and with children that are non-schizophrenic psychoses. The study consisted of 110 patients age approximately 14.2 and presented to doctors at the Maudsley Hospital in London between 1973-1991. Patients were followed up to about 11.5 years after the first test was taken. As a conclusion, out of the 110 patients that were studied 84.5% of them were followed up; 51 of the patients with first episode of diagnosis of the DSM -Ⅲ-R schizophrenia and 42with non-schizophrenic psychoses. The diagnostic stability was high for child-adolescents onset DSM-Ⅲ-R schizophrenia. Meaning they have the worse systematic and social outcomes which was described by a chronic illness course and severe impairments in social relationships and also in independent living.