The Rights of the Child
* Children's Rights in India
1. Children right of protection
Child sexual and emotional abuse in India
hildren abuse is considered as a serious phenomenon in many countries around the world in which a person below the age of eighteen is being emotionally and sexually maltreated. I had chose India because India as in other countries lacks the understanding of the extent and trends of the problem. India has to acknowledge the consequences of the child abuse, which absolutely has serious physical and psychosocial that affect the health and overall well-being of a child. The issue of child abuse and violation is one of the most critical matters on the international human rights agenda. Hence, in Indian the acceptance of child rights as primary inviolable rights is fairly recent, as is the universal understanding of it. Therefore, the Ministry of Women and Child Development, and the government of India, in 2005, attempts to understand the extent of the problem, its dimensions as well as its intensity. A. Child emotional abuse:
The World Health Organization has defined this issue as "Emotional abuse includes the failure to provide a developmentally appropriate, supportive environment". In addition, the main forms of child emotional abuse are humiliation and comparison. Humiliation considered as the degradation of the child self-esteem by his/her parents, caregiver or any person. For instance, while addressing a child parents or any person my shout using name calling and using abusive language. Comparison is when parents compare between children in terms of their physical appearance and other characteristics. In India, the problem lately is showing a stability in which there is no change in the situation of children who are being emotionally abuse by their parent and other caregivers. Hence, 83% of the cases parents were the abusers, and 47.02% in the age group 5-12 years, 25.61% in the age group 13-14 years and 27.37 % in the age group 15-18 years. We can see that all government acts remains as ink in a paper (Sen & Nair, 2005). B. Child sexual abuse
The problem of child sexual abuse is basically still a banned in India in which some people think that this is a western problem that defiantly can't occur in India, and this perception basically came from the conservative family and community structure that forbidden the discussion of sex and sexuality subjects. The World Health Organization defined sexual abuse as the involvement of a child in sexual activity that he or she does not fully understand. Commissioned by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, the study showed that 52.94% of boys being sexually abuse and 47.06% of girls being sexually abuse. "Out of 12,447 child respondents, 50.76% were subjected to other forms of sexual abuse that included forcible kissing, sexual advances made during travel and marriages and exposure to pornographic materials. Out of these 53.07% were boys and 46.93% were girls. Over 50% of children faced more than two forms of sexual abuse. Amongst children facing other forms of sexual abuse, 38.24% were in the age group of 5-12 years, 34.82% in the age group of 15-18 years and 26.94% in the age group of 13-14 years. It is alarming to note that when analyzed within the age group, 63.64% child responds in the age group of 15-18 years, 52.43% in the age group of 13-14 years and 42.06% in the age group of 5-12 years were subjected to other forms of sexual abuse (Kacker, L & Varadan, S, 2007, pg. 77).
The problem behind the growth of the children sexual abuse in India is that family prefer to remains in silence in the attendance of sexuality subject as well as physical and emotional changes that take place during children growing years. Consequently, children are not aware of the problem and that will actually feeds the abuser desirability to continue and continue his abuse to press his advantage to subject the child...