Child Labour

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Essay-­‐
 a
 case
 study
 on
 child
 labour
  Elaina
 Hea
 9M2
 

 

Introduction
  Here’s
 a
 cheery
 thought
 while
 you’re
 baking
 Nestlé’s
 Toll
 House
 chocolate
 chip
 cookie
  dough:
 those
 chocolate
 chips
 may
 have
 been
 produced
 by
 children
 working
 long
 hours
  with
 no
 pay
 or
 have
 been
 injured
 severely
 by
 machetes.
 Nestlé
 is
 the
 world’s
 largest
  Food
 Company
 measured
 by
 revenues
 and
 profits.
 This
 essay
 will
 examine
 how
 Nestlé
  has
 impacted
 the
 local
 and
 global
 economic
 environment
 but
 has
 contributed
 to
 child
  labour
 in
 the
 cocoa
 farming
 industry
 through
 its
 journey
 to
 success.
 Critically,
 child
  labour
 contribution
 will
 be
 examined.
 Support
 and
 innovative
 recommendations
 to
  reduce
 this
 human
 injustice
 will
 also
 be
 explained
 further.
 
 
  Brief
 history
  Nestlé
 is
 a
 Swiss
 multinational
 food
 company,
 which
 was
 established
 and
 founded
 by
  Henri
 Nestlé
 in
 1866.
 This
 organization
 started
 in
 1866
 as
 Anglo-­‐Swiss
 Condensed
 Milk
  Company.
 Nestlé
 grew
 significantly
 during
 the
 First
 World
 War
 and
 following
 the
  Second
 World
 War.
 By
 the
 early
 1900s,
 it
 had
 factories
 operating
 in
 the
 United
 States,
  United
 Kingdom,
 Germany
 and
 Spain.
 Nestlé
 is
 headquartered
 in
 Vevey,
 Switzerland,
  currently
 having
 around
 450
 factories
 operating
 in
 86
 countries.
 The
 company
 produces
  a
 wide
 range
 of
 brands
 that
 supply
 consumers
 with
 everyday
 needs
 including
 baby
  foods,
 pet
 foods,
 beverages,
 confectionery,
 dairy
 products
 and
 ice
 cream
 etc.
 This
  clearly
 shows
 that
 Nestle
 has
 operated
 around
 the
 world
 for
 many
 years
 providing
  citizens
 with
 everyday
 needs
 for
 survival.
 
  Local
 economic
 impact
  In
 October
 2009,
 Nestlé
 launched
 the
 cocoa
 plan.
 A
 long
 term
 initiative
 for
 cocoa
  farmers
 to
 make
 better
 use
 of
 their
 land,
 improve
 the
 quality
 of
 their
 products
 and
  create
 a
 greater
 economic
 result
 to
 benefit
 the
 lives
 of
 the
 farmers
 and
 their
 families.
  This
 local
 impact
 has
 benefited
 Ivory
 Coast
 remarkably,
 providing
 better
 education
 for
  children
 and
 higher
 income
 for
 the
 farmers.
 Essentially,
 the
 cocoa
 plan
 is
 to
 increase
  productivity
 and
 benefit
 the
 cocoa
 industry.
 Nestlé
 will
 distribute
 1
 million
 new,
 high
  yield
 cocoa
 plant-­‐lets
 each
 year
 to
 replace
 old,
 diseased
 crops
 on
 an
 ongoing
 basis.
 This
  plan
 is
 reducing
 the
 amount
 of
 cocoa
 forests
 being
 cut
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