"modern states regard education as a legal duty". and compulsory primary education is the policy instrument by which the sates effectively removed children from the work force. in India, child labour persists on a significant scale.Child labour is neither illegal nor is schooling compulsory.child labour usually refers to children up to the age of 14, following the ILO(international labour organisation) convention. It resolution on age of the employment,concerning age for admission to the employment and that is 18. the occupations specified in the act include work in the railway,ports and the sale of fireworks, and the processes specified include bidi making,carpet weaving and the manufacture of soaps,matches, and cement. In our country,that's India, where over 40 percent of the population is living in conditions of extreme poverty,child labour is an extreme issue. it's commonly argued that child labour can not be stopped till such time as poverty is reduced,and therefore, the main policy thrust should be towards the eradication of poverty.the grounds for this argument are usually two: one, a concern for the poor household that depends on the earning of the child labour, and secondly, the inability to enforce a ban on child labour in a situation of poverty. it's time to end all forms of child labour , and to recognize that all children have a right to education and leisure and other means to develop their physical and mental capabilities during childhood.putting an end to the child labour must be a priority of the international community. In order to reach this goal, it is necessary to implement national policies that guarantees the elimination of poverty and young people's access to education, health care and other services. Protecting children and teenagers' right is everyone's job.