Child Labour

Topics: Childhood, Employment, United Nations Pages: 2 (661 words) Published: March 15, 2013
Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.This practice is considered exploitative by many international organisations. Legislations across the world prohibit child labour. These laws do not consider all work by children as child labour; exceptions include work by child artists, supervised training, certain categories of work such as those by Amish children, and others. Child labour was employed to varying extents through most of history. Before 1940, numerous children aged 5–14 worked in Europe, the United States and various colonies of European powers. These children worked in agriculture, home-based assembly operations, factories, mining and in services such as newsies. Some worked night shifts lasting 12 hours. With the rise of household income, availability of schools and passage of child labour laws, the incidence rates of child labour fell. In developing countries, with high poverty and poor schooling opportunities, child labour is still prevalent. In 2010, sub-saharan Africa had the highest incidence rates of child labour, with several African nations witnessing over 50 percent of children aged 5–14 working.Worldwide agriculture is the largest employer of child labour. Vast majority of child labour is found in rural settings and informal urban economy; children are predominantly employed by their parents, rather than factories. Poverty and lack of schools are considered as the primary cause of child labour. The incidence of child labour in the world decreased from 25% to 10% between 1960 and 2003, according to the World Bank. Child labour is still common in many parts of the world. Estimates for child labour vary. It ranges between 250 to 304 million, if children aged 5–17 involved in any economic activity are counted. If light occasional work is excluded, ILO...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Child Labor Essay
  • Child Labor and Economic Growth Essay
  • Child Labor situation in Bangladesh Essay
  • Essay about Child Labour
  • Child Labour Essay
  • Child Labor in Dhaka City Essay
  • child labour Essay
  • Child Labour Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free