Child Labor

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“Child labor”
By
Elie Bou Chaaya

ENL 110 Section “D”
Miss Zeina Fayyad
18, January, 2008

Outline:
Thesis statement: Child labor nowadays is considered to be a social injustice due to its harmful effects on the personal and psychological life of the child where the kinds of work offered to the child increases the amount of these effects regarding the solutions. I. Harmful personal and physical effects of child labor A. Low pay

B. Very long work hours
C. Forbids children right in education
D. Physical harm
1. Increased risk of accidents
2. Working in unregulated environments where little attention is paid 3. Violence exerted by adults on children
4. Risk of illness from poor medical attention
II. Serious psychological effects done by child labor
E. The feeling of fear, isolation, hunger and emotional abuse F. Dangerous abuse and exploitation witnessed by domestic labor G. Long-term effects
5. IQ reduction
6. Feeling of insecure
III. Kinds of work offered to the child
A. Exploitive occupations
7. Carpet weaving
8. Tailoring
H. Agriculture
I. Light industry
J. Commercial sex and drug trade
IV. Causes of child labor
K. Poverty
L. Family migration from rural to urban areas
V. Solutions for child labor
M. Increasing family incomes
N. Declaring free obligatory education for all children O. Providing social services that help children and families survive crises P. Implanting family control of fertility
VI. The most beneficial solutions for the child
Q. People interference and their awareness of the issue R. People trial to save at least a starfish

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Child Labor
Many people consider that the emergence of modernization and technology allowed the world to achieve a huge step forward for the purpose of development and progress. However, the result of that change led to the increase in poverty in certain areas that were not able to follow the growth rate of the highly advanced countries due to their unspecialized labor force and low productivity in addition to their low GDP. Therefore, this situation has led to the creation of an another serious issue known as the issue of child labor which is a complex social and political one with a long and evolving history where the child is obliged to work very long hours without even getting paid for the result of his hard, non suitable work. As a result, child labor nowadays is considered to be a social injustice due to its harmful effects on the personal and psychological life of the child where the kinds of work offered to the child increases the amount of these effects regarding the solutions. Children and young people are expected to play a part in family work from an early age neglecting the effect of such work on the life of the child, since in general, most societies expect children and young people to do some form of work. This is particularly the case in developing countries (Larson, Schmitz, Traver, 2004, p5). Although this fact seems weird, it is still considered to be acceptable compared to the amount and kind of work that similar children are performing in their normal daily life known as child labor leading to various harmful effects on the life of the child. Low pay for example where children and young people are often paid much less for work done than adults is considered to be one of these effects. There is also evidence that increased use of child labor reduces adult wages (Larson, Schmitz, Traver, 2004, p10). This is because child labor increases competition for jobs directly and indirectly by enabling more women to work. Furthermore, some children and young people are expected to work excessive hours, for example, up to 12-16 hours per day. Child labor also forbids...
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