Child Labor

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Child Labor in the
Philippines

To be submitted to the faculty of University of Batangas Lipa Campus

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement in English Communication 102

Aira Vyra Lindo
Camille Manigbas
Sarah Jane Hidalgo

January ,2013

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

A special thank you goes to those who contributed to this research paper:  To our beloved parents for giving their consent for us to be able to make this research paper possible. To our friends and relatives for giving us idea about those topics. To our teacher Ms. Monica Manimtim for guiding us and giving us advice how to make this research paper successful. To Aira Vyra Lindo for his valuable comments and sharing his knowledge Camille Manigbas for making data she collected available, and Sarah Jane Hidalgo for her financial support. To University of Batangas for providing us a good quality education. Lastly, to our all mighty God for giving us strength and encouragement to finalize this research.

Table of Contents

I. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

II. Introduction

• The Childpage 1-2

III. TITLE: CHILD LABOR IN THE PHILIPPINESpage 3
• Outline

IV. Statistics of Child Labor in the Philippinespage 4

V. Existing Laws of the Governmentpage 5

VI. Programs and Efforts to Address Child Laborpage 6

VII. Conclusionpage 7

VIII. BIBLIOGRAPHYpage 8

INTRODUCTION

THE CHILD

The child is one of the most important assets of the nation. Every effort should be exerted to promote his welfare and enhance his opportunities for a useful and happy life.

The child is not a mere creature of the State. Hence, his individual traits and aptitudes should be cultivated to the utmost insofar as they do not conflict with the general welfare.

The molding of the character of the child starts at the home. Consequently, every member of the family should strive to make the home a wholesome and harmonious place as its atmosphere and conditions will greatly influence the child’s development.

Attachment to the home and strong family ties should be encouraged but not to the extent of making the home isolated and exclusive and unconcerned with the interests of the community and the country.

The natural right and duty of parents in the rearing of the child for civic efficiency should receive the aid and support of the government.

Other institutions like the school, the church, the guild, and the community in general, should assist the home and the State in the endeavor to prepare the child for the responsibilities of adulthood.

The term Child Labor means illegally employing children who are less than 18 years of age in dangerous and life threatening activities. Poverty is the main reason due to which children under the age of 18 years are compelled to work in dangerous and life threatening conditions.

The age at which children are considered responsible for their society-bound has also changed over time, and this is reflected in the way they are treated in courts of law. In Roman times, children were regarded as not culpable for crimes, a position later adopted by the Church. In the 19th century, children younger than seven years old were believed incapable of crime.

1.

Biologically, a child is generally a human between the stages of birth and puberty. Some vernacular definitions of a child include the fetus, as being an unborn child. The legal definition of "child" generally refers to a minor, otherwise known as a person younger than the age of majority.

"Child" may also describe a relationship with a parent (such as sons and daughters of any age or, metaphorically, an authority figure, or signify group membership in a clan, tribe, or religion; it can also signify being strongly affected by a specific...
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