Philosophy and Theory of Child Development
The first theorist I chose is Urie Bronfenbrenner. Bronfenbrenner developed the ecological theory which explained how everything in a child and their environment affects how a child grows and develops. Bronfenbrenner’s theory consisted of four systems. The microsystem which is the immediate environment consists of family, friends, school, and the neighborhood the child lives in. The mesosystem is the second system which describes how the different parts of the microsystem work together. The third system is the exosystem consists of people and places that the child does not have immediate contact with, but the child is still affected by them. The final system is the macrosystem describes the cultural aspects such as economic status, cultural values, and politics. The second theorist I chose is Jean Piaget. Piaget’s theory was based off of four different stages of cognitive development. Piaget’s first stage is sensorimotor which lasts from the ages of birth to 2. During this stage babies learn by reacting to what they experience through their senses. During the preoperational stage which lasts from the ages 2 to 7, children use mental symbols to understand and interact. Children begin to learn and use language in this stage. In the concrete operational stage which lasts from the ages of 7-11 children gain the ability to think logically to solve problems and organize information. The final stage which is formal operational begins around the age of 11. Older children begin to think more abstractly when solving problems. The third theorist I chose is Erik Erikson. Erikson’s has 8 stages in his psychosocial theory of development. The stages are in order in which they unfold: trust versus mistrust; autonomy versus shame and doubt; initiative versus guilt; industry versus inferiority; identity versus identity diffusion; intimacy versus isolation; generativity versus stagnation; and integrity versus despair. Each...
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