• Physical Development
• Social Development
• Emotional Development
• Language (communication) Development
• Intellectual Development
• Behavioural Development
Below is a breakdown of each of these areas of development from 0 to 19 years.
|Physical Development | | | | |0 to 3 years |Newborns are born with reflexes which help them survive, such as: | | |swallowing and sucking reflexes to enable the baby to feed and swallow milk; | | |rooting reflex to enable the baby to move its head to find a nipple or a teat; | | |grasp reflex is when a baby grabs onto an object that has touched the palm of her hand, such as your | | |fingers; | | |startle reflex is when a baby hears a loud noise or bright light and ‘jerks’ their body, moving their arms| | |outwards with clenched fists; | | |walking and standing reflex is when a baby puts her feet firmly down onto the floor when held upright and | | |may make stepping movements; | | |falling reflex (also known as the Moro reflex). This is when a baby stretches out their arms suddenly and| | |clasps inwards when they feel that they are falling. | | |A baby will gradually spend more time awake. | | |They can cry to communicate their needs. | | |They begin to recognise their parents’ voices and will study peoples faces. | | |By three months a baby may smile quite often. | | |They are able to lift their heads up when on their tummies. | | |They will engage in hand and finger play. | | |By six months a baby will explore toys and objects with their mouths and fingers. | | |They will sit up without support. | | |They will roll over from their tummies to their back and from their back to their front. | | |They will turn their head to see what is happening. | | |They will use their mouth to explore objects. | | |They can reach out and grab a toy and move it from one hand to another. | | |They can bear their own weight when held in a standing position. | |...