PSY 508 Child Development
Throughout reading chapters one and two, there is a lot of information in the first chapter it talks about stages of a young child. The first stage is infant that includes from birth up to 1 year. The second is toddler that includes ages 1 year to 3 years. The preschooler’s age is 3 to 5 years old. The kindergartener is 5 to 6 years old. And last is the primary age which is ages 6 to 8. Each stage of a young child life is crucial in child development. In chapter 2, there is a lot of talk about theories. A theory is an idea designed to show one plan or set of rules that explains, describes, or predicts what happens and what will happen when children grow and learn. In Chapter 2 it says “Child development theories have conventionally been the foundation of education and child-rearing practices. “ Some theories focus on growth which is a series of events or stages leading to adulthood. Developmental theories focus on genetic factors and the interaction between environmental factor and how they play role in a child’s life. Behaviorist theories focus strongly on external environmental factors as they affect learning and development. The normative/maturational view focuses on the norms of a child like when they can count to ten, kick a ball or hop on one foot. Since im in the medical field as a medical assistant I do make note of children’s milestone to make sure that they are meeting them when they are, If they aren’t meeting a certain expectation or norm for their age we try to get early intervention for the patient. Later in chapter 2, talks about different influential theorist that played a role in child development. B.F Skinner was a behaviorist that believed in positive reinforcement and ignoring negative behavior. Jean Piaget believed that children’s motivation to learn comes from their natural curiosity about the world. Lee Vgotsky believed that the key to learning for children comes from the support...
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