Child development refers to the intricate biological, psychological and emotional changes that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence, as the individual progresses from dependency to increasing autonomy. These changes are strongly influenced by family and cultural backgrounds, genetic, physical development, environmental influences, health, poverty, personal choices, parents, divorce, demise, foster care , school, siblings, peer pressure and related experiences and most of all transitions.
Child behaviour is affected by inherited traits. Exterior influences, physical development, personality, likes and dislikes and temperament. Once a child is exposed to peers on a daily basis there behaviour is impacted by the influence of others, a desire of group recognition. Children with strong wills may try to assert their dominance in a group with words or physical action i.e threats and intimidation. Emotional issues affect child’s behaviour e.g If a child develops a certain disability all of a sudden and cannot counteract the impact resulting into child’s with drawl or depression. The home environment factors and transitions can influence children's behaviour negatively or positively. Frequent domestic turmoil, a child may behave and learn a certain way in reaction to the lack of security they feel, child again might feel withdrawn, insecure, unconfident and less concentration in academic activities. Teasing and other bullying actions are often manifested by children who do not have secure home or school surroundings. Children's behaviour is strongly influenced by factors such as physical, sexual and mental abuse. Children of abuse have a strong need of counselling, impaired social and personality development could be the outcome. Good nutrition is the bedrock of lifelong health, physical, intellectual and mental development. Healthy eating can stabilize children’s energy, sharpen their minds and help them focus. Healthy eating again relies on...
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