The Development of Children 0 – 19 Years of Age
| |Social |Language |Physical |Intellectual |Emotional |Behavioural |Moral |
6 Weeks |Social development usually starts around the 6 week mark. This is when the baby learns to smile and often imitates certain facial expressions shown by the parents. |The baby will start to respond to sounds and familiar voices. The baby will cry to indicate particular needs, for example hunger, dirty nappy, etc. |When placed on their front, the baby will lie with their head to one side (left or right). By one month the baby has usually learned to lift the head. The head will automatically turn to bright lights and the baby will react to loud noises using the whole body. |From birth babies are aware of pain. The majority of the body is sensitive, including the head, abdomen, feet, etc. The baby likes sweet tastes and will turn to the smell of breast milk. |The baby learns to use body movements to express pleasure, for example during feeding. | | | |3 Months |The baby will smile in response to adults and turns the head to regard the nearby speakers face. Recognition of the preferred adult’s hands and face. Stays awake for longer periods of time. |The baby begins to make non-crying noises such as gurgling and babbling. Excitement is shown when food is being prepared. |The baby can now turn from side to back. There is now almost no lag when hold head up. The baby can now use the hands to grasp objects and will play with their hands for enjoyment. |The baby is responsive to different speech sounds. The baby knows the smell of the mother from that of other women. |Cries become more prominent to show different problems. The baby shows enjoyment at caring routines such as bath time and shows obvious pleasure when receiving care attention. | | | |6 Months |The baby learns to show trust and security. Recognisable sleep patterns are being to develop.
|More sounds are imitated and different types of sounds are responded to in obvious ways. Laughter begins and squeals to show pleasure. |Most objects are placed into the mouth. The head is moved around to follow people and objects. The baby is learning to sit with some support and is rolling from back to side to reach objects. |The baby reaches for objects which suggests a recognition of distance and size. The baby is learning to grasp and play with toys such as rattles. |The baby knows they have one mother and becomes distressed if they are shown more than one picture of the mother at a time. | | | |9 Months |Toys may now be offered to others. The baby is now more wary of strangers and can pick up on a person’s manner and the atmosphere around them. |Babbling becomes more tuneful to imitate the language heard around them. Some words such as ‘up’ and ‘down’ may be learned for daily routines as when being lifted. They may have also now learned to feed themselves. |The baby will begin to crawl and roll from front to back. The baby can now sit without support and tries to move around a lot more. |Daily routines are beginning to be understood and certain signs indicate what is happening, for example a bib means food is coming.
|Enjoyment of moving and objects that move is shown. Distress is shown when the mother leaves and emotions are now being imitated, for example if someone cries the baby may imitate this. | | | |18 Months |The child will now play alone for long periods of time and enjoys hiding games. Imitation of actions such as clapping, waving goodbye, etc. |Simple instructions can now be followed, and words are being developed. The child will sing along with songs that are familiar with both words and sounds.
|The child is now mobile – walking without support, bounces to music rhythms. The child can now come downstairs, this is usually done by creeping backwards on the...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document