Mapping Jean Piaget's and Lev Vygotsky's Theories to DAP Components
Instructions: After learning about the theories of Piaget and Vygotsky on child development, demonstrate your understanding of their theories by writing notes in the chart below about how they each address different components of DAP. Write your answers in the columns to the right. The spaces expand as you write. Note: Piaget and Vygotsky may not address all components of DAP. When that is the case, your answer should be: "Doesn't address this component of DAP."
Piaget and Vygotsky and the components of DAP | Piaget and DAP | Vygotsky and DAP |
Ages and stages:What do Piaget and Vygotsky say about ages and stages of children’s development? | Starting at birth, a child's basic means of coordinating sensation and reactions to the world are all through simple reflexes. The second (2 -7 years) signifies a time when stable concepts are formed, mental reasoning emerges, and magical beliefs are constructed. The next stage (7 years to adolescence ) children are now able to complete mental operations that allow them to mentally do what they had done physically before. | Doesn't address this component of DAP |
Physical developmentWhat do Piaget and Vygotsky say about physical development in children? | They will explore an object by looking at it, feeling it, hearing it, smelling it, and, of course, tasting it. | Doesn't address this component of DAP |
Intellectual developmentWhat do Piaget and Vygotsky say about intellectual development in children? | Intellectual development focuses on four major stages, or "periods" during which children and adolescents master the ability to use symbols and to reason in abstract ways. They are the Sensorimotor Stage, the Preoperational Stage, the Concrete Operational Stage, and the Formal Operations Stage. | Vygotsky said our knowledge includes what we can answer on our own as well as what we understand and grasp with help from... [continues]
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