Child Development

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Week 2 dqDescribe the characteristics of a “typical” one year old. Include physical, cognitive and emotion/social development (basic emotions, temperament, nature versus nurture).
Compare and contrast two children’s developmental domains (social, cognitive, physical), one from an enriched environment and one from a deprived environment. Describe how these two children might differ in first grade

Typical one year old children tend to have similar characteristics; however some may be above or below the average in size, social development, or emotional development. Typical one year olds are approximately just under 3" in height and weigh just over 20 pounds. Most one year olds still have the chubby baby look rather than that of a 2 year old. The typical one year old has developed teeth and the brain is growing rapidly so the head size increases.

Cognitive development of a one year old should be that of many things. Typical one year olds memory has become strong. They recognize when another person has left the area and wait for the return. They also should be using their thought process when they play; for example putting toys in a bucket utilizing the bucket as a container. The one year olds also start to understand and use gestures such as waving, blowing kisses, shaking hands etc. The cognitive development shows a lot about the way that mental function and action are linked.

Emotional and social development for a typical one year can be very complicated. One year olds are given the opportunity to leave their parents side as they can be mobile. This can cause excitement, fear, anxiety, and happiness for children. This allows the children to experience social skills and emotional connections as well. Another part of a one year olds typical emotional/social development is attachment. One year olds tend to have strong attachments to certain people and may cry or get angry is separated. One year olds have many different emotions developing at the time. Social skills are part of emotions and are as well being developed.

Children from and enriched environment versus a deprived environment can greatly influence development. Physical development may be hindered due to malnutrition of a deprived child. Cognitive development may also be hindered due to not being able to explore and put the brain to work by a deprived child. Enriched environments tend to have toys, book, educational tools etc. that can really develop strong cognitive skills. As far as emotional and social skills; all one year olds have a range of emotions. Enriched environments may have a more nurturing environment and may be more content. Versus a deprived child that may suffer and may be very whiny or the opposite and have no connection to a parent at all.

In the future (1st grade)  for the deprived child they may struggle with structure, may be small in size and may have learning difficulties compared to that child that was raised in an enriched environment. The student that was raised in an enriched environment may be socially acceptable and may be right up to par with the educational levels. Students that don't have access to proper learning tools as a one year old may be slower in learning. This is not always the case however; I strongly believe that all students are very different and sometimes environment does not always predict the certain future of a student. Physically, most one year olds have very similar characteristics.  From the time of birth through the end of the first year of life, toddlers more than double in height.  Most one years olds measure on average at 32 inches which takes place in spurts.  However, the physical growth can take place differently for each child as some grow at a faster rate or measure differently within a spurt.  Ethnicity,gender, and nutrition also play a role in the physical development in children.   Interestingly, the brain is closest in adult size at birth than any other organ. The two separate...
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