Child Care

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Running head: CHILD CARE

Which way is the best to care for your baby?
Yeji Yoon
University at Buffalo

ESL 408B
Beth Seilberger
April 9, 2010
Outline
I. Thesis Statement: Parental nurturing is best choice for children. A. Introduction(Facts)
1. Past- Mothers usually stayed at home
2. Today-Ratio of stay-at-home mothers decreased
a. Financial problems
b. Build their own careers (traditional gender roles have changed) 3. Policies for working mothers
a. Policies
b. Limitation – Reason to find alternatives
4. Kinds of alternatives
-Day care center, Home-based day care, Babysitter/Nannies, Relative B. Body
1. Advantages of Parental nurturing/Maternal care
2. High-quality day care center
a. Advantage
b. Problems for parents – high cost
3. Home-based child care
a. Reason why parents choose home-based child care
b. Advantage – low cost
c. Problems – quality
4. Relatives / Babysitter
a. Advantage
b. Problem
C. Conclusion
1. Parents should stay at home to take care of their children 2. Alternative: High-quality day care center is better than other alternatives 3. Compromise between parental child care and out-of-home childcare a. Government policy-quality of day care center

b. Company-flexible working time
Which way is the best to care for your baby?
 Today, most parents are concerned about which type of child care is best for their children. In the past, mothers usually stayed at home to raise their children, so they did not need to decide who nurtured the children. However, today’s circumstances have changed totally. The ratio of stay-at-home mothers has been decreasing steadily. According to statistics, 61% of mothers with children under age three were employed in 2000, whereas only 34% of them worked in 1975 (Drummond, 2001). Some of them might work because of financial problems. On the other hand, they might want to work in order to build their careers, since traditional gender roles have changed. Regardless of why they work, working mothers who want to keep working have to return to their work in three months after giving birth (Holcomb, 1998). According to the Family and Medical Leave Act signed by Clinton in 1993, employees are allowed to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave to care for a newborn baby or sick relative (“Child Care”, 2002). Therefore, they either have to find substitutes who can care for their babies or take them to some child-care providers such as day care centers or home-based child-care providers. In percentage terms, while only 27% of infants and toddlers are raised by their mothers or fathers, 22% are cared for by relatives, 22% are in day care centers, 17% are in home-based child care providers, and 7% are with babysitters or nannies (Drummond, 2001). If a father or a mother cannot help but work altogether, they have no choice except for these alternatives. Even if the selected method might work better than they expected, for the best child care, either one of the parents should stay at home to raise their children; if they cannot care for their children at home, they should find a high-quality day care center instead of a home-based day care, a babysitter, or a relative. Among the various types of child care, parental nurturing is best for a baby’s brain development. According to early childhood research, Ross Thompson, Ph.D., maintains that a child’s first three years are very important for brain development. During that period, vital connections between nerve cells in the brain are established, and these connections determine a level of brain abilities, such as processing data, expressing emotions, or using language skills. As a result, young children who gain sufficient affections and keep stable relationships with adults make more connections. Conversely, children who do not receive enough love are prone to show slow developments of language and thinking skills, aggressive...
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