Definition of Behavior Modification
A type of behavioral therapy in which the principles of Operant Conditioning (reinforcement, punishments, etc.) are used to eliminate some type of unwanted, maladaptive, behavior.
Some History on Behavior Modification Techniques
Behavior modification techniques derive from psychological treatment approaches based on the tenants of operant conditioning proposed by B.F. Skinner. The theories of operant conditioning state that behavior can be shaped by reinforcement or lack of it. Skinner introduced operant conditioning to the general public in his 1938 book, The Behavior of Organisms. As a treatment technique, behavior modification is used to address many problems in both adults and children. Behavior modification has been successfully used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), phobias, generalized anxiety disorder, enuresis (bed-wetting), separation anxiety disorder, and others. By applying elements of these techniques, parents can work with their children to replace undesirable or inappropriate behaviors with more desirable ones. The Benefits of Applying Behavior Modification for Children upside Properly applied, behavior modification strategies can result in: * Fairly rapid behavior change.
* More appropriate behaviors and fewer inappropriate behaviors. * Greater clarity of understanding between you and your children. * More objective evaluation of your children. (Less negative labeling of them.) * Less stress and conflict in your household.
The Dangers of Applying Behavior Modification for Children
* Here's where you can go wrong with this approach:
* Used too heavily or too rigidly the approach can have significant negative impact on your relationship. * If you don't do your homework in advance of applying behavior modification techniques, you could unintentionally reinforce the behaviors you don't want to see. * You need to understand yourself and your children pretty well to effectively apply behavior modification techniques. * Used alone, without the added benefit of other, positive parenting techniques can encourage your children to "game the system" by behaving appropriately only when rewarded. * If you don't find ways to balance both positive and negative reinforcement, you will probably over apply one or the other. (Going too far either way has bad implications.)
Purpose of this study
The purpose of this study is to determine which techniques for modifying behavior are used by parents most frequently with children who have behavioral problems, and to determine their perceived effectiveness by the parents using them, based on the behavior changes they observe in children. Aim and Goals of this technique:
Each child has his own strengths and weaknesses. A good behavioral modification must be customized to each child's specific needs. The principle of correcting inappropriate behavior, however, applies to all. This technique is for the parent of a 4-12 year old child, especially for working women who have less time to modify their children’s behavior and make them a healthy person. The aim of this technique is to share some techniques that have made a huge difference for us as parents. There are specific goals included in each of these techniques. By using these techniques parents would be able to modify and control problematic behavior of their children. Children behavior will be more appropriate in routine life like, To get up and go to school on time, do not fight or argue, and watch movies only with permission for the allowed amount of time. Specific Aims: Determine:
1) What specific techniques are used by parents for behavior modification with children who have behavioral problems and which are used most frequently? 2) What is the perceived effectiveness of the techniques in relation to each other? 3) What are the...