Child and Young Person Development

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Child and Young Person Development

1) Know the main stages of child and young person’s development. Areas of Development
Social, Emotional and Behavioural
Taking turns co-operating with social skills + self-esteem + self-expression learning about the feelings of others Social, Emotional and Behavioural
Taking turns co-operating with social skills + self-esteem + self-expression learning about the feelings of others Physical
Fine Motor Skills
Gross Motor Skills
General Co-ordination
Hand eye Co-ordination
Physical
Fine Motor Skills
Gross Motor Skills
General Co-ordination
Hand eye Co-ordination

Communication and intellectual
Developing creative and imaginative skills
Using skills in different ways
Using language to explain reasoning
Problem Solving
Decision Making
Communication and intellectual
Developing creative and imaginative skills
Using skills in different ways
Using language to explain reasoning
Problem Solving
Decision Making

Physical Development
0-3 years
This is a period of very fast development. New-borns have very little control over their bodies, their movements are dependent on a series of reflexes. In their first year they will gain more control over their bodies and by 12 months will have some degree of mobility such as crawling or walking. In their second year they will start to walk. Their ability to control their movements means they will start to use their hands for pointing or holding small objects, even starting to dress and feed themselves. They will also be able to play with a ball and start climbing things such as stairs and furniture

In their third year they will start to use pencils and crayons and enjoy looking at and turning pages in books, use cups and feed themselves, walk and run with more confidence and use toys such as tricycles

3-7 years
Children start to carry out more co-ordinated movements and start growing in confidence as a result. * They will have more control over fine motor skills such as cutting, writing and drawing * Become more confident at running, hopping, skipping, kicking a ball and use larger equipment 7-12 years

They may start to have hobbies and interests which mean they become more practised in certain areas such as dance or sport. They may also be able to make controlled finer movements used for playing instruments or sewing. Girls in particular will start to show signs of puberty from ages 10-11, when there will be another period of rapid physical growth 12-16 years

During adolescence young people will grow stronger. Boys will be starting to go through puberty whilst girls would have completed the process and have regular periods. So between these ages there can be quite a difference in height and strength. At the end of this stage, on average, most boys will be taller than most girls. 16-19 years

At this stage most girls have reached Physical maturity but boys will continue to grow and change until their mid-20’s.

Communication and Intellectual Development
0-3 years
Babies will listen to language from those around them and will enjoy songs and games, most will start to try to speak are around 12 months
Between 1-2 years old they will start to put word together. By two years old most children will know about 200 words
Between 2-3 years old children will start to use negatives and plurals in their speech, their vocabulary will increase rapidly, they will start to make errors in grammar when speaking e.g. “I drawed it”. 3-7 years

Start to use increasing number of familiar phrases as well as asking a large number of questions. They will be able to talk about things in Past and Future tenses with more confidence. During this period they will become more skilled at aspects of number and writing as well as continuing to learn about their words. Start looking for adult approval, and start to learn to read. 7-12 years

By this stage most children will be fluent speakers of a language. They will be...
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