Main Stages of Child and Young Person Development.
There are three different areas of development whilst a child is growing up, these are, communication and intellectual, physical and social, and emotional and behavioural development. These developments are an holistic part of a child’s progress.
Communication and Intellectual Development
This stage a child will use their language to interact with others, each child will develop this at different rates. This will help the child to make sense of their surroundings. A child’s background, environment and the opportunities they have at an early age will differ and this can affect the *child in communication with others.
For example, if a child’s first language is different from those in the class, it will be difficult for that child to interact with others, and may set that child back. To have an interrupter in the class or someone who speaks their language will help the child to develop.
From the ages of 0 to 3 years
0 to 12 months
Within the first year a child interacts through an adult, they watch and listen to the adult. By listening to those around them the child will make noises in order to communicate. With plenty of interaction from others the child will develop their communication skills and be able to say words like mum, dad and no, although these words will not appear clear to some.
1 to 3 years
From 1 year a child’s cognitive skills come into play, they will try new words to gauge a reaction from others. They will try and put more words together, and will enjoy the interaction with others. They will enjoy singing their favourite song, playing games or reading a book. By the time they reach 3 years they will have a wider vocabulary and adults will be able to make sense on what they are saying.
4 to 7 years
In this stage a child will be developing fast, asking many questions, and also trying to interact more in class. The child will still need to have appraisal from adults to give them confidence. By the age of 6 years they will be able to read a book and listen to instructions. To encourage children’s independence the teacher will designate jobs to the child.
8 to 12 years
By this age the child will be working more independently, and will understand more in-depth tasks. They will be able to participate in class discussions with great confidence. They will be refining their reading and writing skills and their thought process and imagination will run more freely.
13 to 19 years
As we reach adolescence it is so important that a child feels confident in the way they feel. Their minds are full of information and they will be clear in what they do and do-not enjoy when it comes to school classes. In some cases if a child hasn’t got the confidence or is struggling in school this is when they will go truant. At the age of 14 they will be given a list of different subjects to pick to help them decide a career path. At 16 they will sit their GCSE exams. Then at the age of 19 they can either go onto further education or start on their career.
Social, Emotional and Behavioural Development
This stage a child will develop their social skills. They will learn to share and become a more independent person. They will learn that there are rules and how they need to behave. All children will learn these at different rates but all areas of learning and development are equally important. They will need to be in a safe environment to be able to achieve this.
For example, if a child has to be taken into care at the age of two years old, due to their parents being alcoholics, they would not have gained an attachment with an adult. This will affect the child socially, and would display a developmental delay. The child will also show behavioural problems such as tantrums due to the difficulties in the upbringing of the child.
From the ages 0 to 3 years
As a baby they will rely and have a strong attachment to their parents....
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