Child and Young People

Topics: Developmental psychology, Human development, Play Pages: 53 (9429 words) Published: March 9, 2013
Developmental milestones 0-19 years

Child Development Guide (nd), Foster Parent Training Programme, Department of helath and Social Services, Washington State

Developmental Tasks 6 -12 months1
Developmental Tasks 0-6 months3
Developmental Tasks 1-2 years4
Developmental Tasks 2-3 years7
Developmental Tasks 3-4 years8
Developmental Tasks 4-5 years11
Developmental Tasks 5-7 years13
Developmental Tasks 6-7 years15
Developmental Tasks 7-8 years17
Developmental Tasks 8-9 years19
Developmental Tasks 9-10 years21
Developmental Tasks 10-11 years23
Developmental Tasks 11- 12 years25
Developmental Tasks 12-25 years27
Developmental Tasks 16-19 yeaRS29

Developmental Tasks 6 -12 months

To learn to trust others and be secure in the world through the performance of the following tasks: learning special concepts, e.g., up, down, near, far; developing the nervous system and muscle coordination; learning mobility and manipulation of the environment through control of hands, legs, head, fingers, etc.; distinguishing pleasure from pain; adjusting to short periods of separation from primary caregiver.

Indicators Related to Developmental Lag
• Passivity; withdrawal; lack of initiative, e.g., lack of response to stimulating people, toys, pets; crying frequently and easily; learning slowly; poor muscle coordination; injured easily. • All of these problems interrelate; e.g., the child who is passive is less likely to develop the skills needed to explore the world, such as climbing and crawling. The resulting limited experience can manifest itself in slow learning and inability to take risks.

Note: Although these tasks and indicators may be present from birth to one year, each may be more observable at specific times.

|PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT: Six Months to One Year | |Normal Characteristics |Suggested Behaviors for Effective Parenting | |From 8 months, begins to crawl.  |Be sure dangerous objects are out of reach. Provide experiences | |From 9 months, may begin to walk. |that involve arm and leg exercise. | |Learns to let go with hands. |Let child play "dropping things" since this helps in understanding | | |the world. | |Puts everything in mouth. |Provide child with opportunity to use hands and fingers, e.g., | | |finger foods, water play, toys. | |Begins teething. |Be especially patient with child's crankiness; provide things to | | |chew on. | |Is physically unable to control bowels. |Do not try to potty-train. |

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|INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT: Six Months to One Year | |Normal Characteristics |Suggested Behaviors for Effective Parenting | |Learns through the senses, especially the mouth....
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