Child Abuse and Psychological Effects
Child abuse can lead to many different types of problems throughout a person’s life, and psychological disorders are one of the most common people endure. Psychological disorders or mental disorders can be described as a pattern of behavioral or psychological symptoms that impact multiple life areas or can create distress for a person experiencing these symptoms. According to childhelp.org about 80% of 21 year olds who were abused as children meet criteria of at least one mental disorder. Psychological disorders can often lead to physical or an emotional effect as well depending on the severity of the disorder and that is why it is so important to understand the effects abuse can have on people.
Psychological disorders have a variety of classifications ranging in different types of disorders. Adjustment disorders consist of distress and causes significant emotional and behavioral symptoms. An anxiety disorder is a very common one which consists of generalized anxiety, social anxiety, separation anxiety, phobias, panic attacks, and post-traumatic stress disorders. Developmental disorders are a very common among abused children. This consists of ADHD, learning disabilities, communication problems, and conduct disorder. Mood disorders are ones we hear most often about. These pertain to major depression, and bipolar personalities in people. These are a few of the major classifications but there are many other types such as; cognitive disorders, dissociative disorders, eating disorders, factitious disorders, and impulse-control disorders.
There are many different types of abuse as well. They all can have different effects on a person, depending on the type of abuse as well as the severity of the abuse. It is all still painful and can take many different tolls on a person. Some types of abuse are physical, mental, emotional, sexual, mal-treatment, any sort of negligence, exploitation, and many more. Often times the abuse is done by people who are close to the person or someone that the person knows. It is important to know and understand the type of abuse that occurred when working with a patient so that way you can give them the proper treatment and send them on the road of becoming a survivor.
Psychotherapy for Chronic Psychiatric Patients Who are Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse was one of the first journals I came across. It suggests that people who were in mental hospitals who were victims of child sexual abuse go through psychotherapy to overcome their abuse as well as understand it and know that it was not their fault. Psychotherapy is a type of treatment that takes the patient into their past and gives them a chance to reveal what had happened to them. Many of these patients have never told anyone about their abuse because they were afraid or they did not have anyone to tell. It also creates a supportive environment and allows for them to learn coping skills. What I liked about this article is it looked at three different cases of survivors who were in a mental hospital. They were either in their day program or their live-in program. Each of these people had resorted to alcohol or drugs at a young age because that was all they had been through. Two out of the three had told their parents about the abuse and they were not believed and the third one had never told anyone before. Here were some of their circumstances: Joe was sexually and physically abused by his foster dad and sexually abused by his older foster sister. He began acting out until he was finally kicked out of his house and started drinking heavily. While on his own, he had two children and then was left by them and his girlfriend for being abusive to her. Joe suffered from depression, would cut himself, felt rejected by others, was suicidal, and often had outbursts of anger and rage towards anyone in his path for little things. Norma is a 30 year-old woman who started getting...
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