I. Definition and Case
Child abuse or maltreatment constitutes all forms of physical and/or emotional ill treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power. Major types of child abuse are: Physical Abuse, Emotional Abuse, & Sexual child Abuse, Neglect.
Case Sample: Physical Abuse
Dara, a ninth-grade student, began complaining to her gym teacher after a particularly intense argument with her parents. Despite her complaints, Dara insisted that her bruised face was the result of "bumping into a door." The teacher suspected otherwise because of the location of the bruise and Dara's frightened demeanor, but chose not to act. It was not until Dara began vomiting several months later and was doubled over in pain that the situation came to anyone's attention. It was discovered that Dara had internal injuries from a severe blow to the abdomen. The girl finally admitted to the teacher about months of physical abuse she received from her father. Her father sought to control her with force, perhaps fearful that she would become pregnant before marriage, as her sister had done.
II. CAUSES AND EFFECT OF CHILD ABUSE
1. Intergenerational transmission of violence. It is the tendency of many children to learn violent behavior from their parents and then grow up to abuse their own children.
2. Social Stress. Stress brought on by a variety of social conditions which include unemployment, illness, poor housing conditions, a larger-than-average family size, the presence of a new baby or a disabled person in the home, and the death of a family member raises the risk of child abuse within a family.
3. Social Isolation and Low Community Involvement. Parents and caretakers who abuse children tend to...