Victims suffer the effects of maltreatment, but so does society through the costs incurred for prevention, identification, intervention and treatment. Increased societal costs stem from
* Juvenile delinquency
* Adult criminal behavior
* Adult homelessness
* Lost worker productivity
Child abuse and neglect are correlated with increased prevalence of public health problems, including: * community and domestic violence,
* mental health disorders,
* alcohol and illicit substance use,
* suicide, and
* teen pregnancy.
These outcomes, in turn, correlate with increased utilization of public and private resources
Maltreatment puts its victims at significantly increased risk for problems across a range of socioeconomic areas. Current research examines the long-term impact of child maltreatment on adult employment income and reliance on public assistance, as well as reasons for this impact. * Victims are >twice as likely as their peers to fall below the federal poverty level * Victims are 2.5 times more likely to report being unemployed
Research indicates that childhood maltreatment may effect victims’ later employment and income. They are at a higher risk for later poverty and unemployment for a variety of reasons: * Complete less schooling
Experience victimization again in adulthood
* May have physical health problems that interfere with employment * May have mental health problems that interfere with employment
Similar to income, abuse victims are twice as likely to use federally or state funded programs for health coverage. Studies show that this occurs more so with women than with men.