Chickepox

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  • Topic: Chickenpox, Herpes zoster, Virus
  • Pages : 9 (1695 words )
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  • Published : March 13, 2013
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HICKENPOX
RUTA TIMARKY
GRAND CANYON
UNIVERSITY

Monday, March 11, 13

DESCRIPTION OF
CHICKENPOX
CONTAGIOUS
BLISTERS/RASHES
ITCHINESS/REDNESS
TIREDNESS/MILD HEADACHES
FEVER/GENERAL MALAISE

Monday, March 11, 13

Usually occurs in children 1 year to 14 years of age. Chickenpox is a very contagious disease that is caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Initially it starts out red, it itches, it can resemble an insect bite: it starts on the face, scalp, chest and back and can spread all over the body, including orifices (mouth, ears, eyes, vagina, and anus). Although it usually occurs in children and people with immunocomprised systems, it can also occur in adults, which can be serious and dangerous, especially in babies. The varicella-zoster virus is also a member of the herpes virus which is the same virus that causes shingles in adults. (Klassen, Hartling).

SYMPTOMS OF
CHICKENPOX
FEVER/FLUID-FILLED BLISTERS
GENERAL MALAISE/SCABS
LOSS OF APPETITE/STOMACH
ACHES
HEADACHES

Monday, March 11, 13

In children the symptoms ususally begins like small red dots that starts on the face, scalp and upper portion of the body including the upper and lower extremities. The transition can progress pretty quickly over 10-12 hours: to small papules (bumps) to vesicles (blisters) to pustules (pus) followed by a umbilication and the formation of scabs. (Papadopoulos, Schwartz, Janniger). In adults they have prodromal symptoms which means pre-symptoms like nausea, loss of appetite, general malaise. They may experience headaches, aching muscles and also have low grade fevers. (CDC, 2011).

MODE OF TRANSMISSION

VARICELL-ZOSTER VIRUS
PEOPLE
AIRBORNE
COUGHING/SNEEZING/TOUCHING
SHINGLES
Monday, March 11, 13

Chickenpox is cause by a virus (varicell-zoster virus). It’s spread from person to person who has not received a vaccination. It’s usually spread through the air: (coughing, sneezing). The virus can also be spread by toucing or breathing in the virus particles that comes from the chickenpox blisters. (CDC, 2011). Another mode of transmission is a person with active shingles, to a person who has nevered had chickenpox or received the vaccination.

COMPLICATIONS OF CHICKENPOX
SHINGLES: the virus stays in the body(dormant) inactive state BACTERIAL: should be treated with antibiotics
NEUROLOGICAL COMPLICATIONS: second most common
complication
RESPIRATORY COMPLICATIONS: leading cause of varicella related morbidity and mortality in adults, pregnant women, and people with compromised immune systems
LIVER COMPLICATIONS: in association with aspirin administration

Monday, March 11, 13

SHINGLES: is caused by the varicella-zoster virus, the same virus that causes chickenpox, it’s not understood, but the virus can reactivate years later. It’s not completely eliminated from the body. Certain triggers can cause the virus to travel back to the nerve to the skin causing painful, burning blisters. (Welby).

SECONDARY BACTERIAL INFECTION of the chickenpox lesions is Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogens are the causes of this bacteria to the skin. Although it may be superficial it can lead to serious complications causing bacteremia, which can lead to further complications like pneumonia, meningitis, sepsis, shock and even death. (CDC, 2012). NEUROLOGICAL COMPLICATIONS is the second most common disorder; it can cause acute cerebellar ataxia whih causes progressive irritability, difculty wlking, vision problems, speech problems that can last to days to weeks and eventually will clear completely. Varicella meningoencephalitis is another neurologic complication that resolves after 24-72 hours; symptoms include transient deliruim, seizures, headaches, sensitivity to light and neck pain. People who are higher risk for complications are immunocomprised person, person wih HIV/ AIDS and pregnant women. (Mayo Clinic, 2010).

RESPIRATORY COMPLICATIONS is pneumonia, the leading cause of mortality and morbidity...
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