Chicken Pox

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s): 409
  • Published: November 4, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
Course Title: Epidemiology

Lecturer: Mrs. Marilyn Procope-Beckles

Group Members:

Khadisha Daniel Vernella Joefield

Nathalie Mohammed Rania Gardiner

Stacey John Denise Lashley-Agard

Britney Dumas Natalia Roberts

[pic]

Table of Content

Introduction……………………………………………………………………….Page 3

Signs and Symptoms……………………………………………………………...Page 4

Causes of Chickenpox……………………………………………………………Page 5

Sources of Chickenpox…………………………………………………………..Page 6

Mode of Transmission……………………………………………………………Page 7

Incubation and Possible Complications…………………………………………Page 8

Infectivity of Chickenpox………………………………………………………...Page 9

Prevention of Chickenpox………………………………………………………..Page 10 - 11

Control of Chickenpox……………………………………………………………Page 13

Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………Page 13

Bibliography……………………………………………………………………….Page 14 - 15

Introduction

Chickenpox (varicella) is a common illness that causes an itchy rash and red spots or blisters (pox) all over the body. Chicken pox is an extremely transmittable disease easily noticeable by the particular rash that it causes, which happens mainly in kids. Most people will get chickenpox at some point in their lives if they have not had the chickenpox vaccine.

Chickenpox can cause problems for pregnant women, newborns, teens and adults, and people who have immune system problems that make it hard for the body to fight infection. Chickenpox usually isn't a serious health problem in healthy children. But a child with chickenpox needs to stay home from school. And you may need to miss work in order to care for your child.

After you have had chickenpox, you are not likely to get it again. But the virus stays in your body long after you get over the illness. If the virus becomes active again, it can cause a painful viral infection called shingles.

Sign and Symptoms

According to Mayo Clinic, the signs and symptoms of chickenpox are:

• A red, itchy rash, initially resembling insect bites, on your face, scalp, chest and back

• Small, liquid-filled blisters that break open and crust over

• Fever

• Abdominal pain or loss of appetite

• Mild headache

• General feeling of unease and discomfort (malaise) or irritability

• A dry cough

• Headache

The chickenpox rash goes through these three phases:

• Raised pink or red bumps (papules), which break out in different spots over several days.

• Fluid-filled blisters (vesicles), forming from the raised bumps over about one day before breaking and leaking.

• Crusts and scabs, which cover the broken blisters and take several more days to heal.

Causes of Chicken pox

Chickenpox is caused by the herpes zoster virus. Droplets from a sneeze or cough, oozing vesicles of an infected person or by coming in contact with bed linens and clothing can spread this virus. The set period for this disease is 7 to 21 days; it is most transmittable a day before the rash appears and up to 7 days after, or until the rash forms scabs.

Chickenpox can be spread very easily to others. You may get chickenpox from touching the fluids from a chickenpox blister, or if someone with the disease coughs or sneezes near you. Even those with mild illness may be contagious.

Most cases of chickenpox occur in children younger than 10. The disease is usually mild, although serious complications sometimes occur. Adults and older children usually get sicker than younger children.

Children whose mothers have had chickenpox or have received the chickenpox vaccine are not very likely to catch it before they are 1 year old. If they do catch chickenpox, they often have mild cases. This is because antibodies from their mothers' blood help protect them. Children...
tracking img