who are living stateless. In this 21 century while we are talking about democracy or human rights there are men
who do not have permanent state. yes, I am talking about the inhabitants of the chit mahals of india and Bangladesh.
At first I want to define the term chit mahal. It is a join word of chit and mahal. In Bengali language chit
means a fragment, something that is a part of whole, but not intergrated into it.Mahal is a land frpm which revenue is collected .But in practical this chitmahal means the enclaves of Indi and Bangladesh. Which are separated from main
land of respective country. In one ward chitmahal means
Indian rerritory in Bangladesh beyond the international
border and vice-versa.
India has 130 chitmahals having a total area of 20,957.07
acres. Bangladesh has 95 chitmahals, with a total area of
12,289.37 acres of lands.Informal figures tabulated by the
non- governmental organization Oxfam put the figure of
Indian chitmahal resident at 1.5 lakh people who are citizens of neither country.
The history of the citmahals date back to 1657 A.D. When
Shahjahan was the mughal emperor and Raja
Prananarayana was the king of Cooch behar. Raja
Prananarayana wrested certain portion opf the mughal
empire by defeating Mir Luftulla, the subedar of
kamrup.The cat and mous game between the mughals and
cooch Behar kingdom was continued for almost 70 years.
Thus the king of cooch behar happened to have some lands
from where he used to collect revenue but which were
surrounded on all sides by lands belonging to the mughal
empire.Similerly mughals also captured some part of the
cooch behar kingdom which later came under the rule of
the Nawab of Rangpur. So these lands geographically
separated from the cooch behar and Rangpur estat
e became the chitmahals.During the partition of...