Chem Reference Table

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THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK • THE STATE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT • ALBANY, NY 12234

Reference Tables for Physical Setting/CHEMISTRY
2011 Edition
Table D Selected Units
Symbol m g Pa K mol gram pascal kelvin mole joule second minute hour day year liter parts per million molarity atomic mass unit Name meter Quantity length mass pressure temperature amount of substance energy, work, quantity of heat time time time time time volume concentration solution concentration atomic mass

Table A Standard Temperature and Pressure
Name Value 101.3 kPa 1 atm 273 K 0°C Unit kilopascal atmosphere kelvin degree Celsius

Standard Pressure Standard Temperature

Table B Physical Constants for Water
Heat of Fusion Heat of Vaporization Specific Heat Capacity of H2O( ) 334 J/g 2260 J/g 4.18 J/g•K

J s min h d y L ppm M u

Table C Selected Prefixes
Factor 103 10 –1 10 –2 10 –3 10 –6 10 –9 10 –12 Prefix kilodecicentimillimicronanopicoSymbol k d c m μ n p

Reference Tables for Physical Setting/ Chemistry – 2011 Edition

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Table E Selected Polyatomic Ions
Formula H3O+ Hg22+ NH4+ C2H3O2– CH3COO– CN– CO32– HCO3– C2O42– ClO– ClO2– ClO3– ClO4– Name hydronium mercury(I) ammonium Formula CrO42– Cr2O72– MnO4– NO2– NO3– O22– OH– PO43– SCN– SO32– SO42– HSO4– S2O32– Name chromate dichromate permanganate nitrite nitrate peroxide hydroxide phosphate thiocyanate sulfite sulfate hydrogen sulfate thiosulfate

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acetate cyanide carbonate hydrogen carbonate oxalate hypochlorite chlorite chlorate perchlorate

Table F Solubility Guidelines for Aqueous Solutions
Ions That Form Soluble Compounds Group 1 ions (Li+, Na+, etc.) ammonium (NH4+) nitrate (NO3–) acetate (C2H3O2– or CH3COO–) hydrogen carbonate (HCO3–) chlorate (ClO3–) halides (Cl–, Br–, I–) when combined with Ag+, Pb2+, or Hg22+ when combined with Ag+, Ca2+, Sr 2+, Ba2+, or Pb2+ phosphate (PO43–) sulfide (S2–) hydroxide (OH–) Exceptions Ions That Form Insoluble Compounds* carbonate (CO32–) chromate (CrO42–) Exceptions when combined with Group 1 ions or ammonium (NH4+) when combined with Group 1 ions, Ca2+, Mg2+, or ammonium (NH4+) when combined with Group 1 ions or ammonium (NH4+) when combined with Group 1 ions or ammonium (NH4+) when combined with Group 1 ions, Ca2+, Ba2+, Sr 2+, or ammonium (NH4+)

sulfates (SO42–)

*compounds having very low solubility in H2O

Reference Tables for Physical Setting/ Chemistry – 2011 Edition

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Table G Solubility Curves at Standard Pressure
150.

KI
140.

NaNO3

130.

KNO3
120.

110.

100.

Solubility (g solute/100. g H2O)

90.

80.

NH4Cl
70.

HCl
60.

KCl

50.

40.

NaCl
30.

KClO3
20.

NH3 SO2

10.

0 0 10. 20. 30. 40. 50. 60. 70. 80. 90. 100.

Temperature (°C)

Reference Tables for Physical Setting/ Chemistry – 2011 Edition

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Table H Vapor Pressure of Four Liquids
200.

propanone ethanol water

150.

Vapor Pressure (kPa)

ethanoic acid 101.3 kPa

100.

50.

0 0 25 50. 75 100. 125

Reference Tables for Physical Setting/ Chemistry – 2011 Edition

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Table I Heats of Reaction at 101.3 kPa and 298 K
Reaction CH4(g) + 2O2(g) C3H8(g) + 5O2(g) 2C8H18( ) + 25O2(g) 2CH3OH( ) + 3O2(g) C2H5OH( ) + 3O2(g) C6H12O6(s) + 6O2(g) 2CO(g) + O2(g) C(s) + O2(g) 4Al(s) + 3O2(g) N2(g) + O2(g) N2(g) + 2O2(g) 2H2(g) + O2(g) 2H2(g) + O2(g) N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2C(s) + 3H2(g) 2C(s) + 2H2(g) 2C(s) + H2(g) H2(g) + I2(g) KNO3(s) NaOH(s) NH4Cl(s) NaCl(s) LiBr(s) H2O H2O H2O

Table J Activity Series**
Most Active Metals Li Rb K Cs Ba Sr Ca Na Mg Al Ti Mn Zn Cr Fe Co Ni Sn Pb H2 Cu Ag Least Active Au Least Active Nonmetals Most Active F2 Cl2 Br2 I2

ΔH (kJ)* –890.4 –2219.2 –10943 –1452 –1367 –2804 –566.0 –393.5 –3351 +182.6 +66.4 –483.6 –571.6 –91.8 –84.0 +52.4 +227.4 +53.0 +34.89 –44.51 +14.78 +25.69 +3.88 –48.83 –55.8

CO2(g) + 2H2O( ) 3CO2(g) + 4H2O( ) 16CO2(g) + 18H2O( ) 2CO2(g) + 4H2O( ) 2CO2(g) + 3H2O( ) 6CO2(g) + 6H2O( ) 2CO2(g) CO2(g) 2Al2O3(s) 2NO(g) 2NO2(g)...
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