Dr. Jane Wirch
29 March 2013
The Chauvinistic Male Society
Immigration to North America from Salvadorans expanded from 1980 to 2000. Apparently, it was factual that in the United States it was very easy to find good opportunities, employments, education, and the better life every one sought for. Individuals, who are not satisfied with their living conditions, move to other countries in quest of far higher standards of living. The movement of these individuals, into a country or region, in search for a better life is called immigration. Immigration occurs for many reasons, including economic problems, political issues, family reunification, poverty, or the wish to change one’s surroundings voluntarily. It is believed that Salvadorans began migrating to the United States mostly because of civil wars and economic issues, but one of the main reasons why Salvadorans migrated to other countries was because of fear of Human Immunodeficiency (HIV) virus transmission that leads to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) disease, due to the chauvinistic male society. El Salvador is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. The country's capital and largest city is San Salvador. As of 2012, El Salvador had a population of approximately 7,006,403 people, composed predominantly of Mestizos. Spanish is the main and official language of the country and other languages that are spoken are those of indigenous small communities of elderly Salvadorans that have survived throughout the years. The Salvadoran culture is very similar to other countries in Latin America, including its contemporary life in its city. Surprisingly, the country is known for its chauvinistic male society. Since its inception, the chauvinistic male society has prevailed for many years and has provoked negative effects to the living conditions to the country’s population. Chauvinism survives in a culture where traditional gender roles remain. The man is the breadwinner and the wife looks after the home. From birth, children are raised to understand that they will have different roles and expectations in life. Even though social attitudes have begun to change, chauvinism is still deeply rooted, as seen in El Salvador. Over the years it has been demonstrated that the chauvinistic male society in El Salvador has originated the encompassing HIV epidemic dimensions in the country. HIV attacked and started to spread in El Salvador in 1984. When HIV enters the body, it destroys part of the immune system and especially affects a type of white blood cell called the “T cell.” “T cells” are the “fighter” cells in the blood that help the body fight off all kinds of germs and diseases. It may take years for the virus to damage enough “T cells” for a person to get sick and develop AIDS, but today a huge percent of the world’s populations suffer from the disease. In El Salvador, from 1984 to 2012, 25,996 AIDS cases were registered. Of all of them, 16,270 were men and 9,726 were women. El Salvador has shown progress on basic HIV information regarding the medical or health, but statistics show that the situation remains worrying. They hardly ever pay attention to important factors that are related to the ways of acquiring HIV, including chauvinism. It has been proved that it is necessary to analyze what has greatly contributed more people to acquire HIV such as, the chauvinism issues and the inequality between men and women. Women in El Salvador look at chauvinistic men in a derogatory manner. They are described as manipulators, irresponsible, authoritarian, and impulsive men that are not able to carry out their father role in the family. Mostly all chauvinistic men treat their wives with violence, many times in front of their children. They often sexually idolize women, denigrate them, and treat them as something and not as someone. Many male Salvadorans deny they behave this way. Women are worried because the only thing...
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