Ethical Theory Comparison Chart
Respond to the prompt for each of the five ethical theories listed. One section on each chart has been filled in as an example.
What is good? (1–2 sentences)
Aristotle – Virtue EthicsMill – UtilitarianismKant – DeontologyConsequentialismNoddings – Care EthicsAristotle was the first great ethical Naturalist. The good for us is defined by our natural objective. It is good to have moral judgments, that way we create a better judgment on which we become. (Moore and Bruder, 2011,pg.264)For J.S. Mill, decreasing pain and increasing pleasure is good. However, not all pleasure is the same. Mill argues that intellectual pleasures are superior to bodily pleasures (Mill, Utilitarianism, Chapter 2).
What path or rule do you follow to achieve the good? (1–2 sentences)
Aristotle – Virtue EthicsMill – UtilitarianismKant – DeontologyConsequentialismNoddings – Care EthicsFor Aristotle, virtue is the way to achieve the good. Moral virtue is a state of character and can only be acquired by habit. In other words, we need to practice being morally virtuous in order to be virtuous. Aristotle describes moral virtue as a mean. We act morally, if we do the right thing, at the right time, “with reference to the right objects, towards the right people, with the right motive and in the right way” (Nicomachean Ethics, Book II, 1 and 6; see also Moore and Bruder, 2011, p. 265).For Mill, some pleasure are better than others to be seen.(Moore and Bruder, 2011,pg.286) We must choose the pleasure for us that we strive for and choose what fits us best.
Assumptions or requirements (2–4 sentences)
Aristotle – Virtue EthicsMill – UtilitarianismKant – DeontologyConsequentialismNoddings – Care EthicsWe have to assume intellectual will be found to be our superior pleasure. We all assume that it helps us with our self worth.The first assumption is that after all is said and done,...