Charles Evans Hughes

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resDaniel Calabrese11/11/12

Charles Evans Hughes, Sr.

Charles Evans Hughes, Sr. lived from April 11, 1862 – August 27, 1948. Throughout his life he was an American statesman, a lawyer, and a Republican politician from New York. He was the 36th Governor of New York from 1907 through 1910. He was also the Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1910 to 1916 and the United States Secretary of State from 1921 through 1925. He then became a judge on the Court of International Justice from 1928 through 1930 and then continued on to be the 11th Chief Justice of the United States of America from 1930 to 1941. He also was the Republican candidate in the 1916 United States of America Presidential Election, losing by a small amount to Woodrow Wilson. Hughes was a man of many accomplishments and he continued on with his passion of the government and helping throughout his lifetime.

Hughes was born in Glens Falls, New York; he is the son of Rev. David C. Hughes and Mary C. Hughes (a sister of state senator Henry C. Connelly). He was active in the Northern Baptist Church, a Mainline Protestant denomination. He went to a Private school for his education, and when he turned 14 he enrolled in the Madison University (Now known as Colgate University) where he became a member of the Delta Upsilon Fraternity. He then transferred to Brown University continuing as a member of Delta Upsilon. He continued with his school graduating third in his class at the age of 19 and having been elected to Phi Beta Kappa in his junior year. He read law and entered Columbia Law School in 1882 and graduated in 1884 with the highest honors. As he went to law school he also taught at the Delaware Academy.

In 1885, he met Antoinette Carter, the daughter of a senior partner of the law firm where he worked and was married to her in 1888. They had a single son named Charles Evans Hughes, Jr. and three daughters on of whom was Elizabeth Hughes Gosset which was one of the first people ever injected with insulin and who later served as president of the Supreme Court Historical Society. He is the grandfather of Charles Evans Hughes the 3rd and H. Stuart Hughes.

When Hughes graduated he began working for chamberlain, Carter & Hornblower where he met his wife. After his marriage he became a partner in the firm and the name was changed to Carter, Hughes & Cravath and later again the name was changed to Hughes, Hubbard & Reed. Hughes left the practice of law in 1891 to become a professor at the Cornell University Law School but shortly after in 1893 he returned to his old law firm in New York City to continue practice until he ran for governor in 1906. He kept touch with Cornell as a special lecturer from 1893 to 1895 and he was the same for the New York University Law School from 1893 to 1900.

Hughes served as the Governor of New York from 1907 to 1910. He won the election against William Randolph Hearst in 1906 and was the only Republican statewide candidate to win office. as an admirer of Britains new Liberal philosophy he campaigned on a platform to improve the state of New York’s living standards by moving it away from the laissez-faire tradition and issuing social reforms similar to that which had been enacted to Britain. Since he was a progressive policy supporter he was able to gain the popularity of Theodore Roosevelt and he weakened the power of the conservative Republican officials in the state. In 1908 he was asked by William Howard Taft to be his vice president but he declined to again run for another term as Governor. Roosevelt continued to become an important supporter of Hughes. As the Governor he produced many reform legislations in three areas: improvement of machinery and processes of government; extension of the state’s regulatory authority over businesses engaged in public services; and expansion of governmental police and welfare functions. To counter political corruption, he secured...
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