Charles Darwin Background

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Oral Report-Charles Darwin (1809-1882)

Darwin was the British scientist whose useful studies and conceptual establishment laid the basis of the theory of evolution and changed the way we think about the natural world and the spiritual land.

Early to Mid life (1809-1822)-
I. Charles Robert Darwin was born on February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury, a western town in England. a. Darwin’s childhood was filled with misfortune when his mother died when he was only eight years old. II. In 1822, Charles and his brother Erasmus built a small chemistry lab in the garden shed in back of their house. Darwin acted as assistant to his older brother, and they often worked into the late hours of the night experimenting with chemical reactions, which produced various gases. It seems no one approved of Darwin's foray into chemistry. His classmates poked fun at his new hobby by calling him "Gas Darwin," the headmaster of the school scolded him for wasted his time with such non-sense, and his sisters feared he would blow-up the house! Darwin learned many things in his brother's lab: the most important of which were the proper methods of scientific experimentation - a set of skills that would greatly benefit him in his future career as a naturalist. a. When Darwin enrolled at the Edinburgh University, he initially planned to follow a medical career. However, he changed his mind and went on to study theology at Cambridge.

Middle life (1836-1844)-
I. Darwin returned to England in October 1836. Darwin sent many specimens to professionals to study. A bird specialist, or ornithologist, had studied Darwin's bird collections from the Galapagos Islands that were located about 1,000 km west of South America. Darwin had collected 13 similar but separate species of finches. The similarities of the Galapagos finches led Darwin to conclude that the finches shared a common ancestor. The resemblance between the fossil mammals Darwin collected and modern mammals led him to...
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