Charismatic Leadership

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Charismatic leader build trust and establish credibility with their followers by self-monitoring. They gain trust from their follower through visible self-sacrifice and taking personal risks all in the name of their beliefs. They use empathy and warmth in their communication with others to establish trust. Charismatic leaders also establish trust and credibility by presenting a persona of unshakeable self-confidence, strong moral conviction and constant optimistic outlook. They show commitment to their followers and the goal, appearing to place followers’ needs above their own. Furthermore, they build trust and credibility from their proven track record or created legacy.

The charismatic leader inspires confidence by establishing a strong bond with their followers. The bond is so strong that the followers are enthusiastically inspired to be unconditionally loyal, devoted, obedient, and committed to the leader and to the cause the leader represents. By observing the leader display of self-confidence, followers develop self-confidence themselves. The followers are more likely to have greater confidence in their ability to contribute to achievement of the charismatic leaders goals. The relationship between the charismatic leader and followers is often very emotional. The emotional component involves feelings of satisfaction derived from the pursuit of a worthwhile goal and from optimistic beliefs and values about life. The relationship between the charismatic leader and the followers is comparable to that of a parent and child relationship of love, devotion, and commitment. The strong belief in the vision the charismatic leader communicates is the key factor in distinguishing charismatic leader’s followers from those of other types of leaders.

Exploring Charismatic Leadership in the Public
Sector: Measurement and Consequences
This report looks at four areas of charismatic leadership (1) energy and determination; (2) vision; (3) challenge and encouragement and (4) risk taking. The report traces the origins of charismatic leadership theory back to the work of Max Weber. This report understood Weber’s definition of “charisma” in terms of supernatural "gifts of the body and spirit" comprising special attributes and qualities. The article defines the behaviors that charismatic leaders display as (1) articulation of a future vision; (2) building credibility and commitment to the vision; and (3) creating emotional challenges and encouragement for followers. The charismatic leaders communicate a picture perfect goal or vision they want the organization to accomplish over a period of time. The vision projects a set of values and beliefs that are similar to that of their followers. The followers are convinced to move beyond their self-interest and to focus on the broader and more meaningful organizational interests. Appealing to the employees' personal values and beliefs and by promising an attractive payoff for their efforts spawns their basic motivation. Charismatic leaders uniqueness is their ability to convince followers to pursue objective that are worthy of their best efforts. They produce extraordinary results from their follows by challenging them and then convincing them of their abilities. These leaders create a connection between their vision and their followers’ personal challenges. This fosters a significant amount of intellectual and emotional energy and a high level of intrinsic motivation. They appeal to their followers’ self-esteem by confidently telling them that they have high expectation from them and letting them know that they can achieve goal that has been set. Charismatic leaders have a high level of self-confidence and conviction in their vision. They are seen as effective communicator with powerful rhetorical skills, expressive body language and the ability to alter their speeches to the needs and values of their followers. Furthermore, they are persistent and willing to work diligently...
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