Character Analysis of Antigone

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Character Analysis of Antigone

Antigone is an award winning play by Sophocles, one of the three best Greek dramatists of all time. Antigone is a mythical princess of Thebes. She is the product of the accidental incestuous marriage between King Oedipus and Jocasta, whom is Oedipus’ mother as well. Antigone had two brothers and a sister: Polynices, Eteocles, and her sister, Ismene. After Oedipus discovered that he had married his mother, he fled, leaving Thebes to be ruled by his sons. Polynices and Eteocles had their differences arguing over the throne. Polynices left Thebes and returned with an army to declare war on Thebes. The two brothers killed each other during the war, leaving Thebes to be ruled by Jocasta’s brother Creon, also the father of Antigone’s fiancé, Haimon. Creon gave a proclamation declaring Polynices a traitor to the state and people, and therefore should not be given the same rewarding burial that Eteocles receives. Polynices is to be left unburied. Antigone defied this law and buried her brother. Creon has sentenced her to death for her defiant actions. Antigone is a proud woman with a strong sense of duty to her family. She believes she is unjustly judged by Creon, therefore death isn’t a concern for her, as she holds the gods’ moralities above mortal laws.

The pride of Antigone is her tragic flaw. If she had been pliant and had conformed to the laws of Creon she would not have died. Antigone had a separate opinion on the matter and “she has never learned to yield” (II, 86). She was completely shameless in burying her brother and denied nothing. Actually, when her sister Ismene offered to keep Antigone’s actions a secret, Antigone thundered, “Oh tell it! Tell everyone” (Pro 76)! She “dared” to defy Creon, and did not fear the consequences of her actions (II, 65). She even put her pride above Creon as she said, “Creon is not strong enough to stand in my way” (Pro, 36).

What drives Antigone to perform her...
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