Chapter 8

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Employment Law Chapter 8: Affirmative Action

Questions:

1. What is affirmative action?

Answer: Affirmative action is when minorities and women HAVE NOT been represented in the workforce as having an equal employment opportunity.

2.When did this concept first arise?

Answer: Affirmative Action arose out of many different executive acts and orders from the 1940’s to the mid 1960’s. In 1961 the equal employment opportunity was recognized by President John F Kennedy. In 1964 President Lyndon Johnson put into force the affirmative action concept from the Executive Order 11246.

3. How is the quota different from an affirmative action plan?

Answer: The difference between a quota and an affirmative action plan is when minorities and women do not have to be qualified to be hired but with an affirmative action plan it is based on the fact that minorities and women who are qualified are hired in the workforce.

4.Why would a company voluntarily institute an affirmative action plan?

Answer: I think a company would voluntarily institute an affirmative action plan to stop lawsuits against the company. Many companies institute quotas so the number of minorities and women would increase even if the applicant was qualified or not.

5.What is meant by equal employment opportunity?

Answer: The equal employment opportunity was a major amendment to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which addressed issues of employment. Said employment should be free from any type of discrimination that included the assumption that was based on race, color, religion, creed, sex and national origin. 6. Explain the affirmative action plan guidelines for the private sector.

Answer: The affirmative action plan for the private sector relies on a plan of action demonstrated by management. A current status of the women and minorities must be accounted for. Addressed problem areas of deficiencies, use advertisements, and put a plan into action to...
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