Period 5, “Industrialization and Global Integration; 1750 -1900.” Please prepare responses to these questions for classes on April 8th/9th according to the guidelines below. · Read the AP World History Curriculum Framework summary for this Unit. It will give you a great overview of the unit and what you will need to know for the AP Exam. · Information to develop your responses to these questions will come primarily from Chapters 23 through 27, and the appropriate study guides available on Edline. · If you chose to work with others, be sure you have complete notes and understand that material that others share with you. We will have very little time to cover this material in class.
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Key Concept 5.1. “Industrialization and Global Capitalism.” 1. How did Industrialization fundamentally change how goods were produced? One important aspect that changed the way goods were produced involves the location of the production of goods. People were moving away from the idea of cottage industry production (in-home production) and worked in factories because of the development of water-powered factories and mills. People were now working for bosses instead of their families and were going away from home. Industrialization also changed the way goods were produced through the development of machinery such as steam engines and the internal combustion engine, which made it possible to use new resources (coal and oil) for energy. The “fossil fuels” revolution increased the amount of available energy which made the development of factory systems possible. Factories concentrated labor in a single location and led to an increase of specialization. Industrial production methods spread from Northwestern Europe to the United States, Russia, Japan, and other parts of Europe. The “second industrial revolution” led to the creation of new methods to be used in the production process of steel, chemicals, electricity, and precision machinery which allows you to produce things at a very high level of precision. (Sara Voss) 2. What factors led to the rise of industrial production? How did these factors influence the locations and development of industrial cores? Be able to explain the importance of the following factors in particular: a. Europe’s location on the Atlantic Ocean
Influence: The industrial revolution not only started in Europe, but many of the original machines required in order to mechanize production was invented in Europe. Because they were located on the Atlantic Ocean, Europe had access to nearly everyone in an affordable manner allowing them to share and receive (allowing them to further develop) technology and ideas from other parts of the world as well as allowing them to ship coal and lead to other countries, giving them means of power (other than water) to run the factories that they had. The fact that industrialization started in Europe also adds to the cultural superiority characteristic of the Europeans (they felt more important and treated others in an arrogant manner.) Importance: Europe had access to the West African coast and the New World through the Atlantic Ocean, which enabled them to collect raw materials from these places. Europeans were also able to take their natural resources and sell them in their markets. (Nicole Schneider)
b. The geographical distribution of coal, iron and timber
Influence: Natural resources were needed for large scale production, so the places where they were the most abundant started using them and producing things sooner than their counterparts - Abby Skeens Importance: Several countries needed natural resources in order to stimulate their industrial production. Among these countries were Belgium, the US, and Germany. They began to mine and produce these resources which caused deforestation and harmed the environment. The effects of this drastic destruction of the environment were felt...