Chapter 28 Enduing Vision Outline

Topics: Lyndon B. Johnson, John F. Kennedy, Vietnam War Pages: 18 (4626 words) Published: June 4, 2012
Chapter 28
The Liberal Era (1960-1968)

I. The Kennedy Presidency
A. Personality, image, and characteristics
-Kennedy personified the self-confident liberal who believed that an activist state could improve life at home and confront the Communist college abroad -Vigorous and prosperous
-Wealthy father
-Charming war hero, used his father's connections to win election to the House of Representatives in 1946 from a Boston district in which he had never lived -Wife = Jacqueline
-Won Pulitzer Prize for Profiles in Courage (1956), written largely by a staff member -Roman Catholic, but still won a first-ballot victory at the 1960 Democratic convention -42 years old, sounded the theme of a “New Frontier” to “get America moving again” by liberal activism at home and abroad B. A New Beginning

-Campaigned against Richard M. Nixon who promised the continuation and stability of Eisenhower's middle way -First televised debate in history
-Nixon portrayed as insecure and sweaty while Kennedy appeared tanned and dynamic -Two candidates separated by 120,000 votes
-Kennedy = benefited from an economic recession in 1960 as well as his choice of Senate Majority Leader Lyndon B. Johnson as his running mate; captured 80% of the Catholic vote -Public knew nothing of his fragile health, frequent use of mood-altering drugs to alleviate pain, and extramarital affairs

C. Kennedy's Domestic Record
-little significant social legislation
-rarely pressed Congress
-New Frontier doomed by his narrow victory, and the conservative coalition of Republicans and southern Democrats that had stifled Truman's Fair Deal -Made economic growth the key to his liberal agenda

-1961: persuaded Congress to boost the defense budget by 20% -Increased nuclear stockpile, conventional forces, and established the Special Forces (“Green Berets”) to in engage in guerrilla warfare -Persuaded Congress to finance a “race to the moon” -Accepted the Keynesian approach to economic growth

-Overall failure: Proposed tax cut was bottled up in Congress when his presidency ended suddenly in November 1963 -Decreased unemployment, inflation held at 1.3% a year -Environmentalism: Publication of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring(1962), leads to Kennedy warns against widespread pesticide use due to DDT -Clean Air Act: regulated automotive and industrial emissions D. Cold War Activism

-Inaugural address: “we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe to assure the survival and success of liberty” -Major military buildup, foreign policy top priority

-Economic assistance to Third World countries
-Peace Corps created in 1961 to exemplify the New Frontier's liberal communism -Laos crisis
- “La Brigada” invasion of Cuba's Bay of Pigs
-Failure to overthrow Fidel Castro, but Kennedy neither accepted the blame nor ceased attempting to topple him -Berlin Wall becomes concrete symbol of communism's denial of personal freedom until it fell in 1989 E. To the Brink of Nuclear War

-Aerial photographs reveal Soviet Union had built bases for intermediate-range ballistic missiles (IRBMs) in Cuba, which could reach U.S targets as far as 2200 miles away -Krushchev promises to remove missiles if the U.S. pledged never to invade Cuba, and that American missiles in Turkey be withdrawn as part of the deal -In June 1963 JFK advocated a relaxation of superpower tensions, and two months later the two nations agreed to a treaty outlawing atmospheric and undersea nuclear testing -These efforts signaled a new phase of the Cold War, later called detente, in which the superpowers moved from confrontation to negotiation F....
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Enduring Vision chapter 28 notes Research Paper
  • Essay on Outline of Chapter 1 Accounting
  • Essay about East Of Eden Chapter 28 Formal Outline
  • Essay on Chapter 28
  • Zoology Chapter 28 Notes Essay
  • Chapter 28 quiz Research Paper
  • Chapter 28: the Islamic Empires Essay
  • Chapter 28 Reading Questions Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free