Chapter 2 Study Habits

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Chapter II
Related Literature and Related Studies
This research study cited books, articles and laws, which are relevant to the present investigation. It is composed of related literature and studies, both local andforeign, which contain facts and information on the research problem at hand. It also provides explanations and logical connections between previous researches and the present work. Foreign Literature

In Dorothy E. Jhonson’s Behavioral System Model, she stated that a behavioral system encompasses the patterned, repetitive, and purposeful ways of behaving. These ways of behaving form an organized and integrated functional unit that determines and limits the interaction between the personand his or her environment and establishes the relationship of the person to the objects, events, and situations within his or her environment. Usually the behavior can be described and explained. A person as a behavioral system tries to achieve stability and balance by adjustments and adaptations that are successful to some degree for efficient and effective functioning. The system is usually flexible enough to accommodate the influences affecting it. Therefore, it is well-explained that through little efforts on modifying a student’s habits in studying, they can develop an organized pattern of behavior useful to their goal of becoming a successful student who has good academic performances. This theory clearly supports this study that study habits are relevant to academic performance. As it is said in the study of Crede and Kuncel (2008), study habit, skill, and attitude inventories and constructs were found to rival standardized tests and previous grades as predictors of academic performance, yielding substantial incremental validity in predicting academic performance. Study motivation and study skills exhibit the strongest relationships with both grade point average and grades in individual classes. Academic specific anxiety was found to be an important negative predictor of performance. In addition, significant variation in the validity of specific inventories is shown. Scores on traditional study habit and attitude inventories... According to Pogue (2000), what is true about study habits was that more than thirty years ago still rings true today-students fail because they do not know how to study. The best advice he can give is to develop sound study skills. It’s a common scene if some college students fail to finish a passing requirement for a subject course. What is lacking is their ignorance of developing good study habits that are necessary for good academic performance. And to worsen their ignorance are their psychological conception of giving up so easily and the tempting distractions of the surrounding that lead them to a zero percent possibility of creating their own ideal habits. So, it has become a major trouble to college students who are known to be suffocated with loads of works from school. Local Literature

As recommended by Borro (2006), the good study habit should be taught by parents first at home. The school will later on guide the students on studying their lessons. Teachers should impart the good values of studying. People learn first at home and all the lessons that may be well-learned or well-forgotten are just brought to school by people. In some cases, it is on how parents mold their child during his formative years of life which is a basis for the perspective of the person at education. The initial process of learning is called emergent literacy which was first used by Clay (1996) in describing how young children interact with books and when reading and writing, even though they could not read or write in the conventional sense. Emergent literacy is a gradual process that takes place over time from birth - until a child can read and write in what we consider to be a conventional sense. The more educationally trained a person was as a child, the higher the possibility that he can develop his...
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