Chapter 17 Review Questions
1. In Mexico, the most devastating effect of the Columbian Exchange was ● C. Smallpox, which have may killed 50 percent or more of the Amerindian population in Mexico and Central America.
2. In contrast to Spanish settlement in the New World Portuguese settlement in Brazil
● B. Was able to develop without any government interference from Portugal. 3. In both Spanish colonies and Portuguese Brazil,
● A. The Catholic Church was the primary agent for the transmission of Christian belief as well as European language and culture.
4. The most influential defender of the Amerindians in the Spanish colonies was ● B. Bartolome de Las Casas.
5. In the 1500s, the majority of the wealth in the American colonies came from ● D. Silver from the mines in Potosi.
6. In the Spanish colonies, the colonizers adopted
● B. Forced labor of the Amerindians.
7. Unlike the Portuguese and Spanish settlements, the English settlements in North America
● A. Encouraged all settlers to enslave Amerindians as a labor force system. 8. The first representative assembly in the New World was ● C. The House of Burgesses in Virginia.
9. Unlike the settlements in the Chesapeake Bay region and the Carolinas, settlements in Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island ● C. Had a normal gender balance.
10. Unlike the Spanish and Portuguese colonies, in the English colonies ● D. Merchants engaged in more trade across the Atlantic. 11. Unlike the English colonies, the French colonies in the Americas ● A. Resembled the settlement patterns of the Spanish and Portuguese colonies. 12. By the late 1700s, the wealthiest and most influential of Spain’s colonial societies had come to view the Spanish government as
● C. An impediment to growth and prosperity.
13. Besides the occasional tax revolts and urban riots in the Spanish New World, the most dangerous internal threat to Spanish rule in the 1700s was ●...
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