Chapter 17

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 247
  • Published : March 2, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
APES Ch 7 and 17 Study Guide

Water Resources and Pollution

Chapter 7 Water Resources Vocabulary

Precipitation
Infiltration
Runoff
Capillary water
Transpiration
Evaporation
Percolation
Gravitational water
Ground water
Water table
Aquifer
Recharge area
Seep
Spring
Acidity
Turbidity
Hardness
Salinity
Dissolved oxygen
BOD
pH

Chapter 17 Water Pollution Vocabulary
Turbid
Phytoplankton
Eutrophication
Nonbiodegradable
Point source pollution
Nonpoint source pollution
Pathogen
DO and BOD
Organic and inorganic chemicals
Sediments
Storm Drain

Bedload
Fecal coliform test
Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL)
Nat’l Pollution Discharge Elimination Sys (NPDES)
Benthic plants
Oligotrophic
Raw sewage, raw sludge, activated sludge
Effluent
Preliminary treatment
Primary treatment
Secondary treatment
Flocculation and Floc

Practice Questions (Ch 7 Q 1-7 and Ch 17 Q 8-15)

1. Return to Chapter 2 page 30 and review Table 2-1. Write down six of the major aquatic ecosystems and the major environmental parameters of each. 2. What are the lessons to be learned from the Aral Sea story? 3. Describe the hydrologic cycle, including each of its three loops (evaporation, surface runoff and groundwater loops)? 4. What is the water quality (purity) at different points in the cycle. Describe tow natural processes that result in water purification. 5. What are ways of desalinating water? What are the disadvantages of this process? 6. Describe how a Hadley cell works and why different regions of the world receive different amounts of precipitation? 7. Describe how water demands might be reduced in agriculture, industry, and households. 8. Define eutrophication (pg. 454). Describe the process of “Dead Zone” formation in the Gulf of Mexico and other natural runoff locations. 9. List some nonpoint sources of water pollution.

10. Describe how bed load and sedimentation can be a “pollutant”. 11. Use pg. 448 to 451 to describe the...
tracking img