Chapter 13: The Rise of Mass Democracy (The Jacksonian Era)
Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately below.
___ 1. The last election based on the elitist political system was the 4-way presidential campaign of 1824 involving Jackson, Clay, Crawford, and John Quincy Adams
___ 2. Henry Clay disproved the charge of a "corrupt bargain" between himself and President Adams by refusing to accept any favors from the administration.
He accepted the position of secretary of state
___ 3. President Adams attempted to uphold strong nationalistic principles in a time of growing sectionalism.
___ 4. In his personal lifestyle as well as his policies, Andrew Jackson epitomized the hard-working ordinary frontiersman in contrast to the wealthy Adams and his supporters.
___ 5. The election campaign of 1828 was notable for its focus on the issues of the tariff and popular democracy rather than on personalities and mudslinging.
Other way around
___ 6. Jackson’s victory in 1828 did represent the triumph of the West and the common people over the older elitist political system.
___ 7. The Jacksonians practiced their belief that the ordinary citizen was capable of holding almost any public office without particular qualifications.
___ 8. One consequence of the spoils system was the building of powerful political machines based on favors and rewards distributed to political supporters.
___ 9. The “Tariff of Abomination” was passed over the strong opposition of President Jackson. It was John Q. Adams
___ 10. South Carolina’s fierce opposition to the tariff reflected anxiety that enhanced federal power might be turned against the institution of slavery.
___ 11. When the Supreme Court attempted to uphold southeastern Indians rights, Jackson defied the Supreme Court’s ruling and ordered them removed to Oklahoma.
___ 12. Jackson used his veto of the bill to charter the Bank of the US to politically mobilize the common people of the West against the financial elite of the East
___ 13. The Whig party was from the beginning united by its ideological support for states rights and national expansion. It was mostly anti-jackson and national rights
___ 14. American settlers in Texas clashed with the Mexican government over issues of slavery, immigration, legal rights.
___ 15. William Henry Harrison’s background as an ordinary frontiersman born in a log cabin formed the basis of the Whigs appeal to common man in 1840.
Select the best answer and write the proper letter in the space provided.
1. The Jacksonian charge of a "corrupt bargain" to gain John Quincy Adams the presidency arose because a) William Crawford threw his electoral votes to Adams in exchange for a seat in the Senate. b) Adams was charged with having bribed members of the House to vote for him. c) Adams ended his previous opposition to Clay's American System. d) Clay was named secretary of state after throwing his support to Adams.
2. Which of the following was not among the factors that made John Quincy Adams's presidency a political failure? a) Adams's anti-western land and Indian policies
b) Adams's involvement with correct machine deals and politicians c) Adams's stubborn and prickly personality
d) Adams's support for national roads, a national university, and an astronomical observatory
3. Andrew Jackson’s appeal to the common people arose partly because a) Americans finally understood the ideas of the Declaration of Independence b) many citizen’s were tired of the partisan fights between Republicans and Federalists c) he had risen from the masses and reflected many of their prejudices in his...