*The tropics were warm all year-round. The center of the tropical zone is marked by the equator. *The rainy and dry seasons in the Indian Ocean reflect the influence of monsoons. *To accommodate the uneven distribution of rainfall, South Indian farmers constructed elaborate irrigation canals. *Empires of Mail in West Africa and Delhi in Southern Asia both utilized Islamic administration. *Mansa Kankan Musa made a famous pilgrimage that served to demonstrate the enormous wealth of his country. *In addition to fulfilling his religious obligation, Mansa Musa’s pilgrimage resulted in construction of new mosques and Quaranic schools. *The Turkish invaders successfully invaded India due to the division of India into small states. *Sultan Iltutmish passed his empire to Raziya, his daughter. *The characteristic ship of the Arabian Sea was the dhow.
*The largest most advanced ship in the Indian Ocean was the Chinese Junk. *The largest, most advanced ship in the Indian Ocean trade were tied together by commercial interests. *By 1250 the most important trading city of Swahili coast was Kilwa. *As trade increased in the 14th and 15th centuries, the Strait of Malacca became the center of political rivalry between Majaphit and Chinese Pirates. *Because of the trade through the Strait of Malacca, Malacca became an important port and became a meeting place for traders from around the European world. *In India, Islamic invasion practically destroyed the last strongholds of Buddhism. *The Delhi Sultans controlled their empire in India by terror and high taxes. Although the Delhi Sultanate had its problems, it did provide a centralized political authority to India. *The economic and political power of Great Zimbabwe was based on long distance trade in gold, copper, and salt. *The city of Aden in Arabia was an excellent location for growing grain and a convenient stopover for traders from India. *The prosperity of the Asian and African kingdoms from 1200 to 1500 was...
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