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Case Study The Channel Tunnel

Mingyi Su
Elvin Bayramov
Christoph J. Szczecina
Henrique A. Lima de Faria
Fachhochschule
Dortmund
University of Applied Sciences and Arts

Managing Change - Prof. Dr. Josef Mittmann

May 26th, 2008

Content
1. Historical
Context
2. Engineering
3. Organizational
Transitions
4. Financial
Developments

5. Case Study
Answers

• Historical Context
• Engineering
• Organizational Transitions
• Financial Developments
• Case Study: Answers
Christoph, Elvin, Henrique, Mingyi

Managing Change - Channel Tunnel Case Study

2

Historical Context
1. Historical
Context
2. Engineering
3. Organizational
Transitions

1802

Albert Mathieu put forward a cross-Channel tunnel proposal.

1880

A railway tunnel by Watkin, the chairman of the South

4. Financial
Developments

Eastern Railway
5. Case Study
Answers

1883

The work stopped after an injunction had been served against Watkin

1887

Watkin became `Channel Tunnel` Company

Christoph, Elvin, Henrique, Mingyi

Managing Change - Channel Tunnel Case Study

3

Historical Context
1. Historical
Context
2. Engineering
3. Organizational
Transitions
4. Financial
Developments

5. Case Study

1914 -18
WW I
January 1974

During World War I the 1800 m. tunnel was used for military
purposes
A UK–France government backed scheme that started in 1974
was cancelled.

February 1986

Answers

The Treaty of Canterbury was signed allowing the project to
proceed.

June 1988

First tunnelling commenced in France.

December 1988

UK TBM commenced operation.

Christoph, Elvin, Henrique, Mingyi

Managing Change - Channel Tunnel Case Study

4

Historical Context
1. Historical
Context
2. Engineering
3. Organizational

December 1990

The service tunnel broke through under the Channel.

May 1994

The tunnel was formally opened by the Queen and President

Transitions
4. Financial
Developments

Mitterrand.
Mid 1994

Freight and passenger services commenced operation.

November 1996

A fire in a lorry shuttle severely damaged the tunnel

November 2007

High Speed 1, linking London to the tunnel, was opened.

5. Case Study
Answers

Christoph, Elvin, Henrique, Mingyi

Managing Change - Channel Tunnel Case Study

5

Attempts and Proposals
1. Historical
Context
2. Engineering



In the 1830s Frenchman Aimé Thomé de Gamond



In 1865, a deputation led by George Ward Hunt,



In 1881, British railway entrepreneur Sir William Watkin and French Suez Canal contractor Alexandre Lavalley . Work started at both sides.



On the English side a 2.13-metre (6.99 ft) diameter Beumont-English boring machine dug a 1,893-metre (6,211 ft), on the French side a similar machine dug 1,669 metres (5,476 ft) from Sangatte

3. Organizational
Transitions
4. Financial
Developments

5. Case Study
Answers

The Beumont English boring
machine

Christoph, Elvin, Henrique, Mingyi

Managing Change - Channel Tunnel Case Study

6

Attempts and Proposals
1. Historical
Context
2. Engineering
3. Organizational
Transitions

As a result of meeting between the leaders of two countries
FOUR submissions were proposed by promoters, in 1985:
1. A rail proposal based on the 1975 scheme presented by Channel Tunnel Group/France–Manche (CTG/F–M),

4. Financial
Developments

5. Case Study
Answers

2. Eurobridge – a 4.5 km span suspension bridge with roadway in an enclosed tube
3. Euroroute – a 21 km tunnel between artificial islands approached by bridges, and
4. Channel Expressway – large diameter road tunnels with mid-channel ventilation towers

Christoph, Elvin, Henrique, Mingyi

Managing Change - Channel Tunnel Case Study

7

Geology
1. Historical
Context
2. Engineering
3. Organizational
Transitions
4. Financial
Developments

5. Case Study
Answers

• Strait of Dover
• The closest distance
33 KM
• One...
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