Postclassical (600-1450 C.E.)
| Basic Features at Beginning of period| Key Continuities| Key Changes| Basic Features at End of Period| Reasons for Change or Continuities| Global Trade
What other trading systems existed at the beginning of the period? The Indian Ocean system is a continuity, not a change.What about the gold-salt trade? Don't you mean the Pax Mongolica?| * Trade was very international. * Silk roads linked Eurasia, and goods traded hands many times along the roads.| * There was still international trade. * The silk roads were still in use as major trade routes.| * New trade routes were made, such as the Indian Ocean routes, and old routes were expanded upon, like the silk roads. * Trade routes became more safe under the pax romana.| * Trade was still very global. * The Silk roads bcame even more developed and the Indian Ocean routes became very widespread. * Traders were more likely to travel the entire length of the silk roads due to increased safety and technology.| * Increased agricultural production due to developing technologies led to economic development. Further econnimic developements and increased urbanization led to increased trade. The major east-west trade routes, like the silk roads or the Indian Ocean routes, also developed more during this time, which led to increased international contact and safer trade routes. All of these combined served to increase global trade.| Migrations
Your beginning features are quite weak. What other continuities were there? What other major migrations were there during this time period? Discuss the decline of the great nomadic societies by the end of the period. What other causes were there?| * lack of centralized political powers * Nomadic movements undisputed| * nomads migrate into settled lands and uproot other nomadic groups * nomadic military skill continues to give an advantage| * Bantu migrations end * Germanic migrations end * Settled societies find efficient ways to defend agains nomads| * Stronger centralized states reduced the effectiveness of nomadic migrations| * fall of classical civilizations created political vacuums and those who wished to excape other rising powers moved * Developing states start to weaken nomads| Gender Systems
What other beginning features were there? Discuss the decline in the status of women. Women of pastoral nomadic societies sill had relative good status. Further discuss the status of women at the end of the period. What else caused the status of women to decline.| * women remained subordinate * Christianity provided for a place for women to be equal| * women always remained subordinate * women of lower classes usually had more opputunities * religion did not greatly differentiate between sexes| * women developed more oppurtunity in medieval towns * women of the cities broke out of the traditional jobs of the rural area women| * medieval urbanization provided women with more jobs * women were able to participate in some urbanized jobs and were admitted into many jobs| * continued the patriarchal form of society because of former traditions, they found men served as better leaders * religion always offered a safe haven for both sexes because it usually offered salvation for both * Urbanization led to more jobs offered to women with jobs including spinning, weaving, or sewing| Technology
There was alot of technological achievement at the beginning of the period. What other changes and continuties were there? Discuss the effects in the advancement of agricultural technologies.| * Very little developement due to little political organization| * trade continued to spread technology * silk roads and Indian ocean trade continued to play key roles| * rapid military technology developement * inventions like compass, heavy plow, water mill and horse collar| * improved...