AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY ZARIA.
Research proposal BELLO ABDULLAHI
CHALLENGES OF TACKLING POVERTY IN A DEMOCRACY AN ASSESSMENT OF NATIONAL POVERTY ALLEVIATION PROGRAMMES IN KADUNA STATE, 1999 - 2012.
Prof- K. OMOJUWA
In theory, one of the features of democracy is the principle of political equality. That is, the notion that political power should be distributed as widely and as evenly as possible in the society. Political power entails economic development which means to empower the individual or the society. Democracy operates on the capacity of organized groups and interest to articulate popular demands and to ensure government responsiveness. The arrival of democracy in Nigeria was expected to work towards the creation a system that would guarantee the following, -The installation of competent and accountable administrative machinery and the end of arbitrariness and the use of public office for private gain. -Putting in place an effective constitutional and procedural checks and balances on the exercise of state power. -The commencement of drive for a higher standard of living for the people of Nigeria and a drastic reduction in the level of poverty. Despite all social and economic policies that have been implemented by successive administrations Nigeria has remained a laggard in social, economic and political development. Political instability, acute youth unemployment, corruption and abject Poverty have been the main features of Nigeria’s political economy. One of the major explanations for the failure of all development programmes and policies in Nigeria has been the absence of democracy and the intermittent military intervention in politics. The eradication of poverty constitutes one of the cardinal objectives of contemporary development policy in the world. The overriding goal of eradicating poverty had been a long standing problem in Nigeria. Many programmes were initiated towards eradicating poverty in Nigeria. Among them were the National Directorate of Employment (NDE), Directorate Food Rural Infrastructure (DIFFRI) better life programme for rural women (BLP), Family Support Programme (FSP) Family Economic Advancement Programme (FEAP) and Poverty Alleviation Programme (PAP). These programmes had their own implementation strategies, design and targets. These programmes have gulped several billions of naira in design and implementation still poverty continued to be high and the condition of the majority of the people have continued to decline. In view of these one may ask: Have the previous policies on poverty alleviation been effective? This research intends to establish the present poverty status of the poor and the problems that may have studded various poverty reduction schemes using Kaduna State as a case study.
1.2 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEM.
Nigeria is endowed with natural resources, but in reality about 70% of its populace lives below poverty line of one US Dollar per day, per person. (UNDP Report 2009) Poverty has been identified as a threat to humanity as it is multi-faceted and multi-dimensional. Geo-political zones, ethnic, cultural associations and pressure groups have been crying of marginalization, deprivation and improvishement and have risen or emerged to fight against these bad social conditions, even when such interest threatens the democratic process. An example of these groups is the movement for the emancipation of Niger- Delta (MEND),Jammaatu Ahlissunnah Liddaawah Wal Jihad(Boko Haram). Apparently, one big challenge to Nigerian government today is that of reducing poverty and minimizing income disparities between the rich and poor. In the past, the government at all levels...