National League for Democracy shocks the Myanmar’s government by winning the 1990 election, and has become the symbol of democratization hope for the people ever since. This paper will reveal what have the NLD truly accomplished during the 1990-2010 period in the term of Myanmar’s democratization, and how effective it is as an opposition side.
Chapter 1: Introduction
Democracy has become a justification for governmental systems to lead themselves into good governance. It is believed that democracy is a part of the best governmental system, which can maintained its growth and stability by positive and pro-active attitude from its people (Rosyada, Jamil. 2005:113). This led to government openness by check and balances mechanism, which open the doors into good governance. The trend has finally reached Southeast Asia region in second half of the twentieth, thanks to third world democratization wave (1974-1990) classified by Samuel Huntington. Some of the nations are having dynamics to face democratization persistence to reduce centralistic power from the authoritarian. They are, to say: Indonesia, Filipina and Thailand. While Myanmar are having the exact opposite when their civilian government being overpowered by the military. However, the development of democracy culture in Myanmar is still highly hoped by its people, shown by the 1990 election where National League for Democracy, Myanmar’s Opposition party, won. Although the result of the election was unilaterally voided by the regime ruler, people’s hope for democracy seeding is not lost. As an opposition in an authoritarian military government, it is an obvious that the movement of the NLD will be strictly limited, for opposition’s position will be a threat for the government and policymakers. Having noticed the big threat, people’s hope for democratization is still alive. During the period of 1990-2010, National League for Democracy is still regarded as a symbol for democratization efforts, shown by the support from international world for Aung San Suu Kyi, or for the activity of the NLD itself. Among the momentum of the Myanmar Government’s restructuration, one of the most interesting parts is to examine the existence and progress of National League for Democracy to fulfil the people’s democracy dream. As an opposition who brings democracy value in the middle of Myanmar is a tough challenge for the internal member to implement prior orientation for democratic movement. Questions
Based on the explained background, there are three questions intended to be answered in this paper, they are: a. How is National League for Democracy’s role in Myanmar democratization in 1990-2010? b. Can National League for Democracy be an effective opposition party?
Chapter 2: Results & Discussion
"The most monolithically military-controlled in the world" (Neher.1995). The quote above was stated by Clarck Neher in his book, talking about the condition of Myanmar’s government. It is stated Myanmar as the strongest and themost monolithic country under a military regime. Under the military general, Myanmar has evolved into a centralistic, authoritarian, and even totalitarian government ever built. It was back in 1948 when civilian government led by U Nu became a pioneer of the new government created after British decolonization. Years passed, this civilian government has made social and economic conflicts that put the country’s stability at stake. In 1962, the military did a coup d’état over the government as well as abdicating U Nu. Since then, without continuing the democracy potential through new civilian government, military took over all of governmental process. However, Military Junta doesn’t change Myanmar’s condition. It is through that single power reflected by a repressive military character which made dictatorship grew stronger. The government didn’t accommodate and pay attention to its people’s welfare. As a result, in a momentum, pro-democracy...