Organizational Theory and Design
Mr. Harry Downes
An organization is defined as a social unit of people, systematically structured and managed to meet a need or to pursue collective goals on a continuing basis. The word organization derives from the Greek work organon which is a derivative of the word ergon which translates to mean organ which is a compartment for a specific job. There are a number of different types of organizations within the social structure of this great country that we live in that allows our society to function and fulfill their civic and public duties. Some examples of these types of organizations include charities, nonprofit corporations, governments, corporations, universities, non government organizations, international organizations, armed forces and any other types of similar organizations that cover both the public and private sector. There are also types of organizations that are known as hybrid organizations which are a combination of two of the above such as a combination of a corporate organization and the government. All organizations have a management structure that determines the function and positions of the people they manage. They delegate roles, responsibilities and authority to carry out specific tasks. Organizations are open systems that are affected by the environment in which they are in. In the book Images of Organization the author Gareth Morgan uses different metaphors about how organizations can develop new theories and reshape the way they are managing their organizations so that they are keeping up with the ever changing world. With every organization come challenges some are bigger than others and depending on how you deal with the challenges that you are faced with it can either make or break your organization. This paper will discuss the three biggest challenges facing organizations today and offer some tips and solutions in...