Challenges Facing Organizational Managers & Employees Today in Relation to the Modern Theory of Organizational Behaviour.
1.Edwin Nduati HD333-0249/2010
2.Daniel Gikandi HD333-0251/2010
3.Richard Sigey HD333-0250/2010
Dr. Margaret Ndungu
Table of Contents
ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR - TERM PAPER1
Challenges Facing Organizational Managers & Employees Today in Relation to the Modern Theory of Organizational Behaviour.1 Organizations are facing different challenges in today's environment.4 1.Technology4
13.Innovation within the organization.6
14.How do we build an organization that actually inspires extraordinary accomplishment6 15.Lawsuits6
Dealing with the Challenging Issues7
Organizational Behavior studies encompass the study of organizations from multiple viewpoints, methods, and levels of analysis. For instance, one textbook divides these multiple viewpoints into three perspectives: modern, symbolic and postmodern. Another traditional distinction, present especially in American academia, is between the study of "micro" organizational behavior - which refers to individual and group dynamics in an organizational setting and "macro" organizational theory which studies whole organizations, how they adapt, and the strategies and structures that guide them. To this distinction, some scholars have added an interest in "meso" primarily interested in power, culture, and the networks of individuals and units in organizations and "field" level analysis which study how whole populations of organizations interact. Whenever people interact in organizations, many factors come into play. Modern organizational studies attempt to understand and model these factors. Like all modernist social sciences, organizational studies seek to control, predict, and explain. There is some controversy over the ethics of controlling workers' behavior. As such, organizational behavior or OB (or Industrial psychology) has at times been accused of being the scientific tool of the powerful. Those accusations notwithstanding, OB can play a major role in organizational development and success. One of the main goals of organizational theorists is, according to Simms (1994) "to revitalize organizational theory and develop a better conceptualization of organizational life." An organizational theorist should carefully consider levels assumptions being made in theory and is concerned to help managers and administrators.
Organizations are facing different challenges in today's environment. Some of these challenges include;-
Only 20 years ago, few workers used fax machines or e-mail, and computers occupied entire rooms, not the mini desktops that currently available. Advances in information and communication technology have permanently altered the workplace by changing the way information is created, stored, used, and shared. 2.Diverse Workforce
A diverse workforce refers to two or more groups, each of whose members are identifiable and distinguishable based on demographic or other characteristics like gender, age group, education etc. Several barriers in dealing with diversity include stereotyping, prejudice, ethnocentrism, discrimination, tokenism, and gender-role stereotypes. 3.Multiple Stakeholders
Stakeholders are those who have interests in the organization. Multiple stakeholders for an organization include the customers, suppliers, consumers, investors, lenders, government etc. 4.Responsiveness
An organization has to be responsive to the challenges and threats that it faces from within the internal or external environment. It requires quick responsiveness to meet...