Challenges and Changes in the Movement

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Dillon Liu 1/20/2013 Section3: Challenges and Changes in the Movement
1.
1) de facto segregation
Racial segregation established by practice and custom, not by law. African American faced this problem in the North. 2) de jure segregation
Racial segregation established by law.
3) Malcolm X
One African American leader who urged their followers to take complete control of their communities, livelihoods, and culture. He was a Muslims who developed a philosophy of black superiority and separatism from whites. 4) Nation of Islam

A religious group, popularly known as the black Muslims, founded by Elijah Muhammad to promote black separatism and the Islamic religion. 5) Stokely Carmichael
The SNCC leader who decided to lead their followers in a mach to finish the walk from the Tennessee border to Jackson. Though he was arrested , he electrified the crowd by issuing the concept of Black Power which focused on developing African-American pride. 6) Black Power

A slogan used by Stokely Carmichael in the 1960s that encouraged African-American pride and political and social leadership. 7) Black Panthers
A militant African-American political organization formed in 1966 by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale to fight police brutality and to provide services in the ghetto. 8) Kerner Commission
A group that was appointed by president Johnson to study the causes of urban violence and that recommended the elimination of de facto segregation in American society. 9) Civil rights Act of 1968
A law that banned discrimination in housing.
10) affirmative action
A police that seeks to correct the effects of past discrimination by favoring the groups who were previously disadvantaged.

2.
July 1964: In New York city, an encounter between white police and African-American teenagers ended in the death of a 15-year-old student. This sparked a race riot in central Harlem.

February 1965: Malcolm X was shot and killed while giving a...
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