Challanges in Public Administration in Uganda

Topics: Government, Public administration, Privatization Pages: 12 (3778 words) Published: February 19, 2014
Makerere University
College of Business and Management Sciences
2012 MBA YEAR II
Public Sector Administration and Management MBS8118
(Nov 2013)

Presented by . Francis Patrick Makayi
Task
Using your understanding of the knowledge of Uganda’s Public sector, what are the major challenges facing the country’s public sector? What prescriptions would you offer to address the challenges?

Facilitator: Professor Basheka

List of Acronyms
HIV- Human Immunodeficiency Virus
KCCA- Kampala City Council Authority
LC- Local Council
LG- Local Government
NSSF- National Social Security Fund
UPE- Universal Primary Education
USE- Universal Secondary Education
Abstract
World over, the actions and failures of Public Administrators are easily noticed in all avenues of life. One can say with confidence that for whatever is seen in life as problematic, there is a public administrator who is not efficiently and effectively performing his role. It is with knowledge of this statement that the details in this article are fronted. This article outlines the areas of challenge in terms of Public administration in Uganda as a country.

Public services have been criticized for being counter-productive, dysfunctional, slothful, inefficient, wasteful, and overshadowed by a general sense that something is definitely not right(Karakire,2011). There is evidence of corruption, poor administrative structures, and service provision to the citizens of Uganda, coupled with the ever increasing number of districts and a bloated cabinet account which form a major part of public expenditure, let alone a discrepancy in the salaries of the different public servants and the fact that the government makes good policies but does not have them implemented. However, despite all this, citizens have the responsibility to ensure that every challenge on the state is followed by a set of citizen-alternatives that do not relieve the state from its duties but indeed promotes new forms of solution seeking. 2

Introduction
The article defines public sector and outlines its applicability. The major challenges in public sector management in Uganda are discussed and the later part of the article offers possible remedies to the existing challenges.

What is public sector?

By public sector, reference is made to the part of the economy concerned with providing basic government services(Levin & Tadelis, 2010). It is that portion of society controlled by national, state and local governments and provides services such as Police, Military, Roads, Prisons, public education and healthcare for the poor. The public sector might as well provide services such as street lighting, and other services which benefit society as a whole, rather than just the individual who uses the service. Such services encourage equal opportunity for all and are financed by the tax payers’ money.

The public sector can be organized to take several forms, including: direct administration, public corporations and public-private partnerships. In direct administration, organizations are entrusted to deliver services using tax payers’ money and not necessarily on a profit or commercial basis but their production decisions are taken by government. Publically owned corporations are normally state owned enterprises which differ from direct administration in that they have greater commercial freedoms and are expected to operate according to commercial criteria, and production decisions are not generally taken by government although goals may be set for them by government. An example of such a corporation is the National Water and Sewerage Corporation.

3

Private – Public partnership bring together contributions from the private sector and the state, but they are operated with a desire to make profit with minimal exploitation of the public. The business directory states that some services may be partly or completely hired out or contracted to private corporations to provide goods and...
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