Cesar Chavez

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Cesar Chavez
Cesar Chavez was born on March 31, 1927. He was named after his grandfather, Chavezio. He was an American farm worker, labor leader, and civil rights activist who, with Dolores Huerta, co-founded the National Farm Workers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers (UFW). Chávez died on April 23, 1993, of unspecified natural causes in a rental apartment in San Luis, Arizona.

Chavez learned about injustice early in his life. Chavez grew up in Arizona with his family in a small abode, which was swindled from them by dishonest Anglos. Chavez's father agreed to clear eighty acres of land and in exchange he would receive the deed to forty acres of land that adjoined the home. The agreement was broken and the land sold to a man named Justus Jackson. Chavez's dad went to a lawyer who advised him to borrow money and buy the land. Later when Chavez's father could not pay the interest on the loan the lawyer bought back the land and sold it to the original owner. Chavez learned a lesson about injustice that he would never forget.

In 1942, Chavez graduated from eighth grade. Because his father, Librado, had been in an accident and because he did not want his mother, Juana, to work in the fields, he could not to go to high school, and instead Chavez dropped out to become a full-time migrant farm worker.

Chavez brought together the vast amount of farmers under a single banner, offering them shelter from the storm of hardship which they had all faced. The leadership style Chavez used could be considered to be democratic. Chavez was the main single figurehead. He held most of the power when it came to the organizing process of his organizations. He was the absolute leader of the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA). He shared some of his power when he merged with other unions.

Chavez was completely devoted to nonviolence. In his words, "Nonviolence is not cowardice. A nonviolent person must not be fearful. He must know how to deal with...
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